Urban trees 'live fast, die young' compared to those in rural forests

Urban trees
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Urban trees grow more quickly but die faster than rural trees, resulting in a net loss of street-tree carbon storage over time, according to a study published May 8 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Ian Smith of Boston University, US and colleagues. The findings suggest that planting initiatives alone may not be sufficient to maintain or enhance canopy cover and biomass due to the unique demographics of urban ecosystems.

Municipalities are embracing greening initiatives as a key strategy for improving urban sustainability and combatting the environmental impacts of expansive urbanization. Many greening initiatives include goals to increase urban cover through tree planting, but our understanding of street-tree ecosystem dynamics is limited, and our understanding of vegetation structure and function based on intact, rural forests may not apply well to urban ecosystems. To address this gap in knowledge, Smith and colleagues estimated size-specific growth, mortality, and planting rates in trees under municipal control, used a model to forecast short-term changes in street-tree aboveground pools under several planting and management scenarios, and compared their findings to those for rural, forested systems.

The researchers discovered accelerated rates of carbon cycling in street , with mean diameter growth rates nearly four times faster in the city of Bostonthan inforest stands nearby in rural Massachusetts. Despite the enhanced growth of , high mortality losses result in a net loss of street-tree carbon storage over time: mean mortality rates are more than double those of rural forests.

The findings suggest that initiatives to aid in the establishment and preservation of tree health are central for increasing street-tree canopy cover and maintaining and increasing carbon storage in vegetation. According to the authors, strategic combinations of planting and maintenance will maximize the viability of greening initiatives as an effective climate-mitigation tool.

Smith adds: "Cities are at the forefront of implementing climate mitigation policies, including urban greening, to combat rising temperatures and atmospheric CO2 concentrations. We find that initiatives alone may not be sufficient to maintain urban canopies in older cities like Boston, MA. Due to the age and size structure of the existing canopy, efforts to aid in the establishment and preservation of tree health are imperative for increasing urban tree cover and maximizing the wide range of ecosystem services provided by the urban canopy."

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More information: Smith IA, Dearborn VK, Hutyra LR (2019) Live fast, die young: Accelerated growth, mortality, and turnover in street trees. PLoS ONE 14(5): e0215846. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0215846
Journal information: PLoS ONE

Citation: Urban trees 'live fast, die young' compared to those in rural forests (2019, May 8) retrieved 20 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-urban-trees-fast-die-young.html
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May 09, 2019
Sorry, but this research is useless. Anyone who knows anything about the forest could have told said the same thing. The Forest is the ecosystem on land. How you transform a desert into a forest, with trees; nothing else will do. A tree is strong in age and numbers. The older trees are needed to extend disease resistance while the young trees support the entire forest. What a forest does is retain moisture; and where there is moisture there is life. A jungle is not a forest. A jungle is area where there is so much water that all vegetation battle it out. This also happens in a forest, but in a controlled manner. Everything in a jungle grows like weeds. The purpose of a tree in a jungle is tamper growth (canopy) and allow new growth (roots); without trees in jungles then it would be an impassible vegetation for anything bigger than a rabbit; yes trees in a jungle create space.

May 09, 2019
Developers in urban (or any) areas level areas, cut down larger older hardwoods and replace them with crappy little soft-woods. The entire tree canopy in urban areas changes all the time.

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