Einstein 'puzzle' solved as missing page emerges in new trove

Visitors look at some of Albert Einstein's manuscripts on display in the Jerusalem's Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Visitors look at some of Albert Einstein's manuscripts on display in the Jerusalem's Hebrew University of Jerusalem

An Albert Einstein "puzzle" has been solved thanks to a missing manuscript page emerging in a trove of his writings newly acquired by Jerusalem's Hebrew University, officials announced Wednesday.

The handwritten page, part of an appendix to a 1930 paper on the Nobel winner's efforts towards a unified field theory, was discovered among the 110-page trove the university's Albert Einstein archives received some two weeks ago.

Hebrew University unveiled the collection to coincide what would have been Einstein's 140th birthday on March 14.

Most of the documents constitute handwritten mathematical calculations behind Einstein's scientific writings in the late 1940s.

There are also letters that Einstein, born in Germany in 1879, wrote to collaborators that deal with a range of scientific and personal issues, including one to his son, Hans Albert.

The 1935 letter to his son expresses concern about the rise of the Nazi party in Germany.

Nearly all the documents had been known to researchers and available in the form of copies—"sometimes better copies, sometimes very poor copies", said Hanoch Gutfreund, scientific advisor to the university's Einstein archives.

Gutfreund, a physics professor and former president of the university, said the eight-page appendix of the 1930 unified theory paper had never been published, though researchers had copies of it.

"But in the copies we had, one page was missing, and that was a problem. That was a puzzle," Gutfreund told AFP.

"And to our surprise, to our delight, that page is now here. It came with the new material," he said.

Hebrew University said: "This article was one of many in Einstein's attempts to unify the forces of nature into one, single theory and he devoted the last 30 years of his life to this effort."

'A colourful person'

The collection, acquired through a donation from the Crown-Goodman foundation in Chicago, was bought from Gary Berger, a North Carolina doctor who had a private collection of Einstein writings.

Some of Albert Einstein's manuscript pages on display at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, in an exhibition to mark 140 years
Some of Albert Einstein's manuscript pages on display at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, in an exhibition to mark 140 years since his birth

Gutfreund refused to divulge the sum paid for the 110 papers.

Einstein was one of the founding fathers of the Hebrew University and served as a non-resident governor of the Jerusalem institution.

When the physicist died in 1955, he bequeathed the university his archives, with curator Roni Grosz saying its 82,000 items make it the world's most extensive collection of Einstein documents.

The acquisition was a birthday gift not only to the collectors and public, "but to Einstein himself, because all of the material here reaches the place he wanted it to," Gutfreund said.

Grosz and his team have digitised the new collection and researchers were already working on its scientific angles.

While good quality digital copies are accessible to the public and researchers, "originals are a very special addition to a collection", Grosz said, which have a "special magic" to them and provide an opportunity to be put on display.

Einstein, a theoretical physicist whose opinions on current-day affairs were at times controversial during his lifetime, has evolved into a consensual figure in popular culture, Grosz said, predicting his popularity would continue to grow.

"Einstein is the go-to guy that everybody wants to identify with, and that's not going to change," he told AFP.

"Einstein was also a colourful person, besides being a top-notch scientist. That's rare in scientific persona."

"Einstein already has become a myth detached from his real person, and this myth will perpetuate itself for years to come and I don't see an end to it," said Grosz.

Einstein's more human side can be seen in the personal letters.

In the letter to his son, he writes that "in Germany things are slowly starting to change".

"Let's just hope we won't have a Europe war first ... the rest of Europe is now starting to finally take the thing seriously, especially the British," he wrote.

"If they would have come down hard a year and a half ago, it would have been better and easier."


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Einstein letter fetches $100,000 at Jerusalem auction

More information: Press release

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Mar 06, 2019
This Eternal Myth of Albert

Still lives on
as he flits in and out of the quantum fluctuations
where
dear old Albert
continually feeds the Einstein myth
by occasionally freeing
lost documents to the quantum breeze
ensuring
this eternal myth
Survives eternal

Mar 06, 2019
Don't ignore Einstein's seemingly prescient warning about the hard-right in the US today.

Mar 06, 2019
"Einstein was also a colourful person, besides being a top-notch scientist. That's rare in scientific persona."

Einstein was a master plagiarist, philanderer, and all around POS. He treated his family abysmally and was far from trustworthy, and his maths gymnastics is fundamentally erroneous, it's quite amusing yet apropos he was the Man of the Century for the 20th century.

Mar 06, 2019
@People attacking Einstein: Citation needed.

Mar 07, 2019
@People attacking Einstein: Citation needed.

To begin, try here: "Einstein's Explanation of Perihelion Motion of Mercury" by Hua Di.

A copy can be found here:

fs.unm.edu/UnsolvedProblemsRelativity.pdf

Mar 07, 2019
To my mind Einstein may be considered as The God of science. To my mind the last equation of the universe is E= MC2 (square of speed of light of the sun).

Mar 07, 2019
poor cant, jealous of a dead man. Shows how lifeless cant lives.
Jealous of Einstein's accomplishments
as a theorist - cant ain't done that
as a mathematician - cant ain't done that
as a raconteur - cant can't spell it, much less live it
as a mentor - cant ain't done that
as an educator - cant ain't done that, thank jeebus! Imagine the warped ignorant students cant would have graduated?
as a Humanist - cant ain't going there & give up a cushy life in the primate cage?
as a friend - cant ain't even going to try

The bigliest difference of all? That cant with all the other looneytoon woomongers?
That after three centuries of bleating?
Have absolute;y no accomplishments, accolades, awards, patented inventions, creative original work.

Not a single damn thing, to show for all their fabulist fantasies. The only working device they have to brag about is a ouija board.

cant & the milling herd of hucksters, frauds, plagiarist sheeole are the definition of villainy.

Mar 07, 2019
@People attacking Einstein: Citation needed.

To begin, try here: "Einstein's Explanation of Perihelion Motion of Mercury" by Hua Di.

A copy can be found here:

fs.unm.edu/UnsolvedProblemsRelativity.pdf


Editor-in-Chief - Florentin Smaradadache! That is as far as anyone needs to read. The guy is a crank.

https://www.reddi...atician/

Mar 07, 2019
To be fair, I was vague in my "Citation needed." post. I should have specified no cranks and no charlatans. I did a little research myself and found... nothing. Did learn he was pretty racist against other groups, having particular disdain for Asians, but that was during the run-up to the Nazis taking power in Germany and before the horrors of the Holocaust. Einstein changed his views after learning with the rest of the world what had happened to Jews and others in the tender, loving hands of the Nazis and after witnessing the gross injustices suffered by African Americans in his new home in the US after he fled Europe. He likewise had advocated for nuclear weapons and then, after reports on the ground from the aftermath of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, concluded he was horribly mistaken and pushed for nuclear disarmament until his death. The man was flawed like any other person, but genuinely open and able to change. I've yet to see any evidence he deserved academic scorn.

Mar 07, 2019
@People attacking Einstein: Citation needed.

To begin, try here: "Einstein's Explanation of Perihelion Motion of Mercury" by Hua Di.

A copy can be found here:

fs.unm.edu/UnsolvedProblemsRelativity.pdf


Editor-in-Chief - Florentin Smaradadache! That is as far as anyone needs to read. The guy is a crank.

https://www.reddi...atician/

"crank". I'd say that's the feeble excuse given by the small minded to ignore that which is different from themselves. To help explain this simply here are other "cranks", who where cranks to the authority of the time, but later vindicated:

Giordano Bruno, Galileo Galilei, Orville and Wilbur Wright ... The list is probably inexhaustible.

Mar 08, 2019
gosh arc, you were almost making some sense there in your comment. Then you go & shootist yourself in both your feet!

Just curious, yah know?
Whom were the contemporary astronomical "authority" who denied the works of Bruno & Galileo?
Aside from the "authorities" practicing astrology & thaumotology?
The wooloons have been mal-practicing for thousands of years. & they still can't get it right!

Whom were the contemporary aeronautical "authorities" who denied the work of Wright Brothers?
Besides the theologians & spiritualists & the aethernuts?

Whom were the contemporary physics "authorities" who flatly denied Einstein's GR_SR?
Preventing the Manhattan Project? Whose own peer-reviewed research proved there is no such thing as nuclear energy?
Besides the theosophists & the eugenics racists & the anti-semite bigots& woomongers & looneytoon trolls?

arcmetal, I am absolutely confident that you can provide your list of mythological
authorities? Any day now I'm sure.

Mar 08, 2019
Denied the Wright Brothers?

Ummm, the frickin' thing flew, maybe you forgot. They still do today.

What an idiot.

Mar 08, 2019
vit Da Sxhneib!! The deniers were aeronautical expert authorities who absolutely commanded that no flight was possible for heavier then hot-air vessels. The holey babble promised them so!

How could we ever deny that deniers are ever incorrect about anything they refuse to believe in? They have the "authority" to deny all empirical evidence.

If you are seeing flying craft based on Real Scientific Principles? Obviously you must be a mistaken or nay, even worse!
Those who positively claim to see flying craft are nefarious agents of the devilish Uranus Conspiracy.

Intent upon "denying" the deniers their rightfullofit cognizance & spoils plundered from the gullible.
The demiers are "experts" at applying the "Long-Con" as authorities of pseudo-science.

Mar 08, 2019
Evade, ignore, and poke fun at the main points. It seems typical, and so its sort of pointless to bother adding more comments.

The truth of nature exists regardless of what anyone says, and so:
As a wise man said one day "science advances with each funeral".

Mar 08, 2019
Denied the Wright Brothers?

Ummm, the frickin' thing flew, maybe you forgot. They still do today.

What an idiot.

lol. The Wright brothers had a tough time convincing people they had a flying machine, even after it flew. But this only occurred in the US, it was easier for them to convince the French when they showed them their device. Maybe the US contains a greater percentage of idiots?

Who is the idiot now?

Mar 08, 2019
well gee arc. the obvious idiot is yourself.

Though I must agree with your assertion that once all you wooloons are in the ground, with stakes driven through your shriveled hearts?

Will truly be a wonderful opportunity for the advancement of Science & Humanity without you fakir ball & chains dragging everyone down.

Mar 10, 2019
still waiting arc, for that long list of "expert authorities" competent to have declaimed the works of Bruno, Galileo, the Wright Brothers or Einstein?

Even one name? Waiting....

No luck, hmm?
How about we try a different tack? Name one living Scientist, credentialed & recognized by a professional association of his or her specialty.
Who can be contacted to verify that they agree with your opinions of research results?

Come on arc, the clock is ticking, the calendar turning.
Nothing could possibly be any easier to accomplish for you!

Yah know what?
I should extend this challenge to all the other looneyticks!

Okay, you crappers know who you are, Wait, uhmm... When you looneyticks are taking your meds, you usually have a vague idea of which Lulu comicbook character you were originally.

benni, antegoreal, betterexists, fredjose, cantdrive, granville, seu, shootist, tiredredpill, otto & the rest of your sheepfold I have the good fortune to have forgotten.

Mar 13, 2019
still waiting arc, for that long list of "expert authorities" competent to have declaimed the works of Bruno, Galileo, the Wright Brothers or Einstein?

Even one name? Waiting....


I am not here to hold your hand, nor to spoon feed you. ... Go to your local library. Go up to the kind person behind the main desk and ask for books on the names mentioned. Then start reading.

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