First phase of Brazil's particle accelerator construction completed

November 14, 2018
Brazil's President Michel Temer, who on Wednesday inaugurated the start of construction on a particle accelerator in Brazil

Brazil President Michel Temer inaugurated the opening construction phase of a particle accelerator the size of the Maracana football stadium that will be used to make advances in medicine, nutrition, archeology, electronics, energy and the environment.

The particle , called Sirius, will be used in brain study research that could provide breakthroughs in the fight against degenerative diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's.

It measures 518 meters (566 yards) in circumference and is expected to cost 1.8 billion reis ($477 million) to build. It has been branded the Maracana of research and technology after the iconic football stadium in Rio de Janeiro that hosted the 2014 World Cup final.

"If we had never done anything in our government, but completed the project that we're inaugurating today, then we would have done a lot for the country," said Temer, a hugely unpopular leader who will hand over power to far-right president-elect Jair Bolsonaro on January 1.

"People always say Brazil is the country of the future. I would say, given this inauguration, that the future has already arrived."

The synchroton technology accelerates electron beams 35 times thinner than a hair up to almost the speed of light in ultra high vacuum tunnels guided by magnets.

The Brazilian , located in Campinas, some 90 kilometers (55 miles) from Sao Paulo, is from the latest generation.

"We are witnessing a Brazil that is striding forwards and is now part of the most select group of countries that have a fourth-generation electron accelerator," added Temer, quoted by public news agency Agencia Brasil.

Only one other such accelerator exists in the world, the MAX IV in Sweden.

Sirius will generate synchroton light, a source of electromagnetic radiation, of such intense brightness that it can reveal the structures of organic and inorganic material such as proteins, viruses, rocks, plants and metallic alloys, all in high resolution.

It will allow microparticles to be studied in detail. According to G1 news website, it would be capable of conducting research that takes the most advanced current technology 10 hours to complete, in just 10 seconds.

The next stage of the project is slated for the second half of 2019 while Sirius will be fully operational in 2021.

Explore further: Jair Bolsonaro's Brazil would be a disaster for the Amazon and global climate change

Related Stories

CERN celebrates completion of Linac 4

May 9, 2017

At a ceremony today, CERN inaugurated its linear accelerator, Linac 4, the newest accelerator acquisition since the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Linac 4 is due to feed the CERN accelerator complex with particle beams of higher ...

Recommended for you

New insights into magnetic quantum effects in solids

January 23, 2019

Using a new computational method, an international collaboration has succeeded for the first time in systematically investigating magnetic quantum effects in the well-known 3-D pyrochlore Heisenberg model. The surprising ...

Rapid and continuous 3-D printing with light

January 22, 2019

Three-dimensional (3-D) printing, also known as additive manufacturing (AM), can transform a material layer by layer to build an object of interest. 3-D printing is not a new concept, since stereolithography printers have ...

Scientists discover new quantum spin liquid

January 22, 2019

An international research team led by the University of Liverpool and McMaster University has made a significant breakthrough in the search for new states of matter.

Researchers capture an image of negative capacitance in action

January 21, 2019

For the first time ever, an international team of researchers imaged the microscopic state of negative capacitance. This novel result provides researchers with fundamental, atomistic insight into the physics of negative capacitance, ...

Toward ultrafast spintronics

January 21, 2019

Electronics have advanced through continuous improvements in microprocessor technology since the 1960s. However, this process of refinement is projected to stall in the near future due to constraints imposed by the laws of ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.