On building ribossomes

Ribosomes are organelles responsible for protein synthesis in all living organisms. Ribosomes are made of proteins and RNA (Ribosomal RNA, rRNA) and putting the several elements in the right location requires a precise multi-step hierarchically ordered process. In this biogenesis, processing of rRNA precursor (pre-rRNA) is a critical step that guarantees the integrity of the functional ribosome. In humans dysfunctional ribosomes are responsible for severe diseases, known as ribosomopathies. Researchers from Cecília Arraiano Lab, in collaboration with colleagues from the University pf Hamburg, have now identified the key role of RNA-binding protein Hfq in this process. The results were published today in the EMBO Journal.

The bacterial RNA-binding protein Hfq is present throughout all domains of life, acting as an RNA chaperone facilitating base pairing between small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) and their mRNA targets to control gene expression. Using in vivo and in vitro approaches, including ribosome profiling, ITQB NOVA researchers have demonstrated a new function for Hfq. It was shown that Hfq is essential for with direct effects on translation efficiency and fidelity.

"We knew that Hfq had a very important role on sRNA-biology, but with the current data we can now say that its ubiquitous role in the regulation of cell metabolism is even greater than we have anticipated," explained Cecília Arraiano, corresponding author.

"We have demonstrated that RNA-binding protein Hfq is also acting as a crucial auxiliary ribosome biogenesis factor, with impact on rRNA processing, ribosome biogenesis and translation fidelity."

More information: José M Andrade et al. The RNA‐binding protein Hfq is important for ribosome biogenesis and affects translation fidelity, The EMBO Journal (2018). DOI: 10.15252/embj.201797631

Journal information: EMBO Journal

Provided by Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica

Citation: On building ribossomes (2018, April 18) retrieved 28 September 2023 from https://phys.org/news/2018-04-ribossomes.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Explore further

Linking cytosolic and chloroplast ribosome biogenesis in plants


Feedback to editors