Scientists produce best estimate of Earth's composition

Scientists produce best estimate of Earth’s composition
Credit: NASA/JPL

Scientists at ANU have produced the best estimate of Earth's elemental composition which will help them understand how the Earth formed 4.6 billion years ago.

The Solar System began as a dense blob in a molecular cloud of hydrogen gas and dust that collapsed under its own gravity, forming the early Sun, Earth and other planets.

Co-researcher Associate Professor Charley Lineweaver said the Earth's was set at that early stage of formation.

"The four most abundant elements - iron, oxygen, silicon and magnesium - make up more than 90 per cent of the Earth's mass, but working out exactly what the Earth is made of is tricky," said Dr Lineweaver from the Research School of Earth Sciences and the Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics at ANU.

"Seismological studies of earthquakes inform us about the Earth's core, mantle and crust, but it's hard to convert this information into an .

"Our deepest drilling has only scratched the surface down to 10 kilometres of our 6,400 kilometre radius planet. Rocks at the surface only come from as deep as the ."

The research is published in the international journal Icarus and is available here.

Lead author ANU PhD scholar Haiyang Wang said the team made the most comprehensive estimates of the Earth's composition based on a meta-analysis of previous estimates of the mantle and core, and a new estimate of the core's mass.

"Our work focused on getting realistic uncertainties so that our reference model can be used in future comparisons of the Earth with the Sun, or with Mars or with any other body in the Solar System," said Mr Wang from the ANU Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics.

Co-researcher Professor Trevor Ireland from the ANU Research School of Earth Sciences said planetary scientists would find many uses for this new composition record.

"This will have far-reaching importance, not only for planetary bodies in our Solar System but also other star systems in the universe," he said.

Haiyang Wang has received the Prime Minister's Australia Asia Award to support his PhD research at ANU.


Explore further

Experiments cast doubt on how the Earth was formed

More information: Haiyang S. Wang et al. The elemental abundances (with uncertainties) of the most Earth-like planet, Icarus (2017). DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2017.08.024
Journal information: Icarus

Citation: Scientists produce best estimate of Earth's composition (2017, September 18) retrieved 18 June 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-09-scientists-earth-composition.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
17 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more