Fatal snake bites in Australia—facts, stats and stories

March 22, 2017, University of Melbourne
Fatal snake bites in Australia—facts, stats and stories
The Brown snake caused 23 of the 35 deaths recorded between 2000 and 2016.

The first new report in a quarter of a century on death by snake bite in Australia has revealed most victims are male, bitten in the warmer months of the year, more than half of the bites occurring in or near home.

And the villain is the Brown , causing 23 of the 35 deaths recorded between 2000 and 2016 by the National Coronial Information Service (NCIS).

Public health expert at the Australian Venom Research Unit (AVRU) at the University of Melbourne, Dr Ronelle Welton led the study, published in the Internal Medicine Journal.

It shows that mortality rates, while low, have remained steady for over 30 years. Collapse and cardiac arrest were common, despite improved access to health care and contemporary clinical research.

Dr Welton said the review challenged widely held assumptions.

"While the perception remains that incidents occur in rural areas, we found that nearly half the incidents occurred in an urban environment," Dr Welton said.

Most incidents occurred in warmer seasons when snakes were more active. Most bites occurred on limbs, and up to seven people (one fifth of fatal victims) were reported to have been bitten while trying to pick up snakes.

Dr Welton said the report contained important take-home messages, particularlry regarding the impact of Brown snakes moving into areas usually occupied by other species, such as Tiger snakes.

"People should not attempt to pick up snakes, and need to be encouraged to practice appropriate first aid and know CPR," Dr Welton said.

"This information will help inform us about what educational information is needed, particularly in our urban towns and cities."

The AVRU is working with antivenom producer Seqirus to update a . The Australian Bites and Stings App is available for both android and apple smartphones.

Explore further: Bee alert but not alarmed—humble bee among Australia's most lethal

More information: R. E. Welton et al. Injury trends from envenoming in Australia, 2000-2013, Internal Medicine Journal (2017). DOI: 10.1111/imj.13297

Related Stories

The snake-catching tribe saving lives in India

December 4, 2016

A small scythe, a crowbar and a bundle of canvas bags are all that Kali and Vedan carry when they venture into the fields of southern India to catch some of the world's deadliest snakes.

Recommended for you

What rising seas mean for local economies

February 15, 2019

Impacts from climate change are not always easy to see. But for many local businesses in coastal communities across the United States, the evidence is right outside their doors—or in their parking lots.

Where is the universe hiding its missing mass?

February 15, 2019

Astronomers have spent decades looking for something that sounds like it would be hard to miss: about a third of the "normal" matter in the Universe. New results from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory may have helped them ...


Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.