Trump's chauvinism appeals to some voters more than others

October 24, 2016 by Lynn Prince Cooke, The Conversation

Even after mounting evidence of Donald Trump's exploitative and demeaning treatment of women, his standing in the polls still hovers above 40%. On the face of it that's more than a little shocking – but less surprising is the gender split among his supporters.

A recent summary of gender differences in the polls compiled by FiveThirtyEight found that women favour Trump's female opponent, Hillary Clinton, by 15 percentage points overall; men, on the other hand, favour Trump by five. It's true that many Republican women are standing by their man, but that's not enough for Trump to win women's vote overall.

No surprise at all to gender researchers, though, is that the first time a woman threatens to break through what Clinton called the "highest, hardest glass ceiling" of the US presidency, her nominated opponent is the embodiment of the "male chauvinist pig" – a man, usually in a position of power, who publicly expresses the opinion that women are by nature inferior to men and best relegated to the kitchen and the bedroom.

The term male chauvinism first emerged after World War II as more women entered paid employment. This threatened the self-esteem many men derive from their dominance over women in the family, the economy, and society at large.

The use of the term chauvinist pig became more widespread as women in the US demanded not just employment, but the employment equality supported by affirmative action and Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. The epithet was in vogue during the late 1960s and early 1970s, at the height of second wave feminism.

Since then, many American men have adapted to women's economic gains. They are much more likely to be married to employed women than to women who aren't in the labour force. Men spend twice as much time doing unpaid housework and childcare as they did in the 1960s, and generally report more egalitarian attitudes to survey researchers.

Yet these gender equality gains are modest and fragile. Men's masculine identity is still linked to their economic role, and a man's chauvinist pig can resurface if this is threatened. But not all men are equally vulnerable to this threat.

Across the divide

All workers shared in the prosperity of the postwar era – but things began to change in the late 1970s, when wage inequality among men rose sharply in ways that affect their economic advantage over women.

Wage returns on a university degree steadily increased for both women and men, but the gender gap remains largest at the top of the wage distribution. In other words, the wage gains of high-skilled women are not likely to threaten the masculinity of high-skilled men. In contrast, the gender wage gap has almost disappeared among the least-skilled men and women.

Low-skilled men's wages stagnated as the US de-industrialised and the real value of the minimum wage declined. Collectively-bargained, high-wage manufacturing jobs evaporated; they were replaced by precarious, low-wage service sector positions. The upshot is that a couple or family could not survive for long on a low-skilled husband's income alone.

The men most affected by this transformation are now lining up for Trump like no other segment of the electorate. As reported by The Atlantic back in March 2016, white men without a college degree form the core of Trump's supporters.

Without economic advantage, a man's inner chauvinistic pig can break out to reassert dominance over women in another way. One way is to objectify women, as Trump was recorded doing with Billy Bush in 2005. Trump's coarse comments may have scared away some of the Republican mainstream, but plenty of his supporters have dismissed them as typical masculine "locker-room talk" (a defence even shock-jock Howard Stern rejected).

Male chauvinists also use the state to assert their dominance over women. An example of this among a fair number of Trump supporters is the Twitter feed #repealthe19th – a cry to repeal the amendment that gave women the right to vote.

But women did not principally cause the economic woes that have left some voters so desperate as to think a chauvinist like Trump can save them. Indeed, it's precisely men like Trump who have used their power and privilege to widen the gap between the haves and have nots.

Trump's chauvinism will never make America greater than it is right now. Instead, his campaign has revealed just how damaging male chauvinism can be. And now, with his hyper-masculinity threatened by Clinton's edge in the polls, Trump is attacking the very democratic process a presidential candidate should passionately defend.

Assuming that not even Donald Trump can destroy American democracy, the real challenge begins for whoever is sworn in as president on January 20 2017. Americans need more economic security for their enlightened sides to shine through again. This means more good jobs at living wages for men as well as . Only then can the country begin to close the social chasms revealed and fuelled by Trump's campaign – and only then can we banish chauvinism to the past, where it belongs.

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tj10
2.7 / 5 (7) Oct 29, 2016
What does this have to do with science?

Why does Big Science always support the Left?

Shamefully and openly biased!
marcush
4.5 / 5 (8) Oct 30, 2016
As long as there are things that can be measured, no realm is outside scientific scrutiny, including bias amongst the sexes and whether the LEFT or RIGHT is more aligned along scientific evidence. Climate change is of course a prominent example....

Don't blame the messenger. The empirical evidence is there for all to see.
Zzzzzzzz
3.7 / 5 (6) Oct 30, 2016
Trump supporters, by definition, simply CANNOT have logical brains. COCO and tj10 have now positively identified themselves as anti-science droolers. All I can say to that type is, don't get lost in my woods - it's dumb phark season.
MR166
1.8 / 5 (10) Oct 30, 2016
Hillary and Obama have destabilized the ME and caused 100s of thousands of deaths. We are just one or two incidents away from WWIII with Russia. The Clinton foundation nothing more than an influence peddling crime organization. Yet she is still preferable to the liberals over Trump.

I could never respect anyone who would vote for Hillary and her lies!

MR166
2.5 / 5 (11) Oct 30, 2016
As far as protecting women goes Hillary wholeheartedly supports Muslim immigration. The very same Muslims that are raping woman all over Europe.
jonnyrox
Oct 31, 2016
This comment has been removed by a moderator.
TheGhostofOtto1923
4.1 / 5 (9) Nov 01, 2016
We can appreciate this article as an example of spin 101. It doesn't ask the question 'is trump a chauvinist?', it states it as if it's already a given.

But as we are SICK of such juvenile ignorant attempts to manipulate us, we read the article and want to punch somebody for insulting us in such a crude and offensive manner.

But maybe a 'go fuck yourself' will suffice.
TheGhostofOtto1923
3.9 / 5 (7) Nov 01, 2016
I've developed a contempt for journalists like my contempt for overt religionists. From now on I will go out of my way to insult and degrade them and I suggest everybody else do the same thing.

They will routinely assault people in public, put them on the spot in front of a camera, shove a microphone in their face, and then ask them misleading questions designed to support their preconceived notions of what people SHOULD be thinking and saying.

And then they'll take these interviews back to their lairs and cut and paste them to further spin and exploit and humiliate.

And they think they have some intrinsic right to do this just because of the 1st amendment and because they can talk faster than most people.
randomwalk_
5 / 5 (4) Nov 01, 2016
Why does Big Science always support the Left?

Shamefully and openly biased!


Because higher education is linked to progressive thinking.
Analysing the status quo and looking at urgent problems like ecological and social catastrophes leads to progressive solutions/politics. If it does not your reasoning is clearly flawed.
gkam
2 / 5 (8) Nov 01, 2016
"Why does Big Science always support the Left?"
-----------------------------------

Because as has been said, reality has liberal slant.
gkam
1 / 5 (6) Nov 01, 2016
Want to know why this is happening? How could we be so far apart?

http://www.nybook...e-zone/?
MR166
1 / 5 (1) Nov 01, 2016
Gkam I just read the review and found it very interesting if not ironic that the review of a book asking why there is no common ground to be found is written from a totally liberal/progressive point of view.
gkam
1.6 / 5 (7) Nov 01, 2016
Want to see the evidence for someone being an "asset"?

http://www.slate....ia.html?
gkam
2.1 / 5 (7) Nov 01, 2016
"written from a totally liberal/progressive point of view"
------------------------------------
"Across the country, red states are poorer and have more teen mothers, more divorce, worse health, more obesity, more trauma-related deaths, more low-birth-weight babies, and lower school enrollment. On average, people in red states die five years earlier than people in blue states. Indeed, the gap in life expectancy between Louisiana (75.7) and Connecticut (80.8) is the same as that between the United States and Nicaragua."

Facts is facts.
MR166
1 / 5 (2) Nov 01, 2016
"Facts is facts."

You might just have hit the nail on the head. You and I are operating on a different set of "Facts"!
gkam
2 / 5 (8) Nov 01, 2016
Can you deny those facts printed above?

Or these?

"Nowhere is the abuse as frightening as in Louisiana—with the exception, perhaps, of its neighbor to the east ("Thank God for Mississippi!" is the unofficial state motto). Louisiana is the second-poorest state and second-to-last in human development, which is a measure of individual freedom. The state's rate of fatal cancers is about 30 percent higher than the national average. For all its antifederalism, Louisiana is fourth in accepting government welfare, with 44 percent of its budget coming from Washington. (Many of Hochschild's Tea Party friends are beneficiaries of federal welfare programs.) Louisiana has the highest rate of death by gunfire (nearly double the national average), the highest rate of incarceration, and is the fifth-least-educated, reflecting the fact that it spends the fifth-least on education. It is sixth in the nation in generating hazardous waste, and third in importing it, . . "
MR166
1 / 5 (1) Nov 01, 2016
"Can you deny those facts printed above?"

Yea, poverty sucks, whats to dispute!

BTW the vast majority of governors of Louisiana were NOT Republicans.
gkam
1.6 / 5 (7) Nov 01, 2016
"Louisiana's governor is among the most powerful chief executives in the nation, a legacy that dates back to Huey Long's administration, and under Governor Bobby Jindal's dictatorship, between 2008 and 2016, the state's prospects declined with unprecedented severity. After he reduced corporate income taxes and expanded the exemptions granted to oil and gas companies, the state's revenue tumbled roughly $3 billion. He transferred $1.6 billion from public schools and hospitals to oil companies in the form of new tax incentives, under the theory that the presence of oil and a robust petrochemical infrastructure were not incentives enough. (The Louisiana Legislature is not only soaked with oil and gas lobbyists—during a recent session there were seventy for 144 legislators—but many lawmakers themselves hold industry jobs while serving in office.) Jindal fired 30,000 state employees, furloughed many others, cut education .
Uncle Ira
3.7 / 5 (6) Nov 01, 2016
@ glam-Skippy. Why you don't just link to the article? Instead of plagiarizing without giving credit to the lady who wrote it?

Those facts are all basically correct. Yeah there are big problems down here. But "your" (actually Hochschild-Skippy's) facts need to placed into their proper context. Try reading Hochschild-Skippy's whole book not just the article about it.

@ Everybody Else,

Here is the link to the book review that glam-Skippy is plagiarizing from,,,, it's a good book review. The actual book is even better. But it is biased and wrong headed, she tries to make the case opposite of what glam-Skippy is trying for.

http://www.nybook...ce-zone/

MR166
1 / 5 (2) Nov 01, 2016
So you want to blame LA on the Republicans eh Gkam.

http://www.sos.la...ult.aspx
MR166
1 / 5 (1) Nov 01, 2016
" The damage was so great that it helped to bring about one of the most unlikely election results in recent American history. Jindal's successor is John Bel Edwards, a Democrat—the only one to hold statewide office."

I found this statement to be particularly untrue. Also, remember that Jindal had to deal with the after effects of Katrina.
Osiris1
5 / 5 (3) Nov 01, 2016
The religious right has never really had integrity, but is and ever shall be hypocrites. Mostly we have to see what those so called religious right really worship, and it will probably turn out to be in most cases......money and those who have it and flaunt it. And those willing to pay a crumb or two on servile stooges, whores in their offices who can make like 'noble ladies' with platinum hair and purses outwardly. All seem hypocrites in their own way. The basic reason why is that capitalism is built on fraud as its central tenet hidden in plain sight.

Like your first job in a capitalist society, "You got experience at this job, Mary?" ."..er...n-no," "We can not use you here then." ! A few similar interviews later, 'Mary' learns capitalism's first rule: "Lie your ass off to get that first or any job!"; and then lands that job.

Later she./he will learn that keeping 'jobs' require other moral compromises but such is outside scope of this post.
antigoracle
1.7 / 5 (6) Nov 02, 2016
hee..haww....integrity is an important tenet of science. The Right may forfeit any claim to integrity - with such a blatant contradiction...hee....haww....hee...
-- onion jackass hee...hawwss...again
This is the jackass who boasted about his 1200 mile jaunt, during which he emitted more than a tenth of the US annual average CO2, in JUST 2 DAYS. Yet, this jackass has the audacity to troll this forum and bray at the heretics about integrity and morality. Keep braying jackass, you'll save the world.
gkam
1.5 / 5 (8) Nov 02, 2016
antigore just gave us the conservative analysis of AGW and demonstrated their logic.

The level of discourse seems to be short of normal standards, but can be said to be Trumpian, which is an example of what faces the Decent Folk in this nation today.
TheGhostofOtto1923
5 / 5 (2) Nov 02, 2016
@ glam-Skippy. Why you don't just link to the article? Instead of plagiarizing without giving credit to the lady who wrote it?
George hates wiki warriors except when he is one.
barakn
3 / 5 (8) Nov 02, 2016
Hillary and Obama have destabilized the ME and caused 100s of thousands of deaths. -MR166

So you're saying GW Bush didn't ignore Bill's warning about bin Laden, 9-11 never happened, and GW never invaded the wrong country using falsified evidence of WMDs? You're saying that Bush didn't then dangerously split American forces by invading another country, racking up debt by handing out tax cuts right and left while ignoring the trashcan fire roaring to life in the sub-prime mortgage market, thereby guaranteeing his successor would be forced to pull troops out of one or both countries? Tell me, are your memory problems simply due to old age or are you on too many medications?
barakn
3 / 5 (8) Nov 03, 2016
As far as protecting women goes Hillary wholeheartedly supports Muslim immigration. The very same Muslims that are raping woman all over Europe. -MR166

The old 'they're going to rape our women" trope. Tell me, do you iron your white robe and hood yourself or do you have it dry-cleaned?

"more than half of the Syrian refugees admitted into the U.S. so far are children. "Single men of combat age" represent only 2% of those admitted and the elderly comprise another 2.5%." http://www.cnn.co...plainer/

Are you so much of a coward that little girls frighten you?
TheGhostofOtto1923
3.7 / 5 (3) Nov 03, 2016
Since we cannot trust the 'why' that has been provided for us we must focus on the most significant 'what' we can find.

Religions are designed to maximize the growth rate in order to outgrow and overrun.

The 3rd world is dominated by religionist cultures.

We are seeing unprecedented numbers of refugees from the 3rd world.

We are seeing unprecedented conflict in the 3rd world.

Conflict is the result of overpopulation.

Because of these conditions, 3rd world cultures threaten the west.

Western leaders are not stupid and so we can assume they began dealing with all this decades ago. They have ALWAYS dealt with these factors proactively because 1) they are absolutely inevitable, 2) they have existed since the beginning of history, and 3) they critically endanger civilization.

This explains everything including all the clever buzzwords you've been given in order to make you think and act appropriately.
Cont>
TheGhostofOtto1923
3.7 / 5 (3) Nov 03, 2016
Buzzwords like raping women and coward and hoods and white robes and little girls of course.

Hint: Israel was established as a garrison state and a bridgehead for the west, and collective guilt made it possible.

Hint: Pakistan was given nukes to make it an irresistible prize for neo-caliphaters, which provided the excuse to give India nukes.

Hint: 9/11 was the excuse for the west to compartmentalize the ME so that a caliphate could not be established.

Hint: taking ground is not as important as killing the enemy. But in order to compel the enemy to present themselves for killing they must be given the hope that they can win. This alone explains Tet, Soviet Afghanistan, Mosul, benghazi, the USS Cole, and anywhere it appears that western forces have needlessly been placed in harms way.

There is of course lots more but you get the gist (or you damn well ought to.)

-So you can read propagandist garbage like the above article and understand why you are being manipulated.
TheGhostofOtto1923
3.7 / 5 (3) Nov 03, 2016
One more thing: religion-driven chronic overpopulation ensures an unending supply of the enemy. And so these wars should be appreciated not as efforts to attain victory but to deplete fighters and stress populations while the cultures which are the root cause of the problem, are slowly destroyed and replaced.

This explains the tag team nature of Southeast Asia, Afghanistan, ME terrorist organizations, the Balkans, mainland china, and anywhere that conflict continues for gens.

The west fought 2 wars to maintain the flow of opium into China for the purpose of attacking the culture and reducing the birthrate. Japan waged a campaign of extermination there for a gen. A revolution was staged and the nationalist army was annihilated after it was betrayed by the broken promises of western allies. And communist martial law continued the elimination of the obsolete culture.

Some Campaigns take longer than others. The destruction of the pre-Columbian cultures took only a gen.
MR166
1 / 5 (3) Nov 03, 2016
Onions your outright hatred of religion is just amazing. What you fail to see is Progressivism is your chosen religion and it makes you just as blind to reality as you claim others are.
gkam
1.6 / 5 (7) Nov 03, 2016
166, you are free to believe anything you want.

Just do not expect us to think it is cool.
antigoracle
1 / 5 (5) Nov 03, 2016
Guilty as charged. I fucking hate religion. Give me a few hours - and I would be happy to share with you.
- the onion jackass hee...hawwsss... yet again.
I wonder if he hates religion the way he hates CO2?
This jackass brays day and night about how bad CO2 is, yet he went on a 1200 mile jaunt, spewing more than a tenth of the US ANNUAL average, in JUST 2 DAYS. Of course, he did not feel guilty as charged for that, but in fact was quite happy to boast about it. It's a good thing this jackass hates the evil CO2.
MR166
3.8 / 5 (4) Nov 03, 2016
Anti past a certain point, which you have long ago reached, your ranting about Onions 1200 mile trip becomes counterproductive and reduces your credibility. It was funny for the first few posts but irritating now.
TheGhostofOtto1923
3.7 / 5 (3) Nov 04, 2016
I am sure there are plenty in the Arian Nation - who would denounce religion - but represent everything that I am angry about
If you're talking about the xian sect who were declared heretics in the Ecumenical First Council of Nicaea of 325, they certainly denounced the religious notion that jesus was god, and died in droves for it.

But if you are referring to the Aryan nations, perhaps you are unaware that they are a xian organization.

"Aryan Nations is a white supremacist religious organization originally based in ... changed to the Church of Jesus Christ-Christian, which is used today by Aryan Nations churches."

-or perhaps you were being sarcastic and sloppy at the same time. Or perhaps I just had a little time to kill.

Who is to know these things?
gkam
Nov 04, 2016
This comment has been removed by a moderator.
gkam
1 / 5 (4) Nov 04, 2016
I want to know why the personally-offensive words of antigoricle are here while my post was removed by a "moderator".
Uncle Ira
3.7 / 5 (6) Nov 04, 2016
I want to know why the personally-offensive words of antigoricle are here while my post was removed by a "moderator".


Cher, your security clearance is not high enough for you to get that information.
antigoracle
1 / 5 (4) Nov 04, 2016
Hee,,,,haww,,,hee,,,,,hawwww,,,,,You are an advocate of positive change - so stay with that thought......When it gets really bad - just put them on ignore.
-- The onion jackass hee...hawwsss, yet again.
Well, for this jackass it is quite easy for him to IGNORE his hypocrisy. How else could this jackass boast about his 1200 mile jaunt, during which he spewed more than a tenth of the US ANNUAL average CO2, in JUST 2 DAYS. Yet, this jackass has the audacity to troll this forum and bray at the heretics, pretending to care and act like he's saving the world. No wonder he's in support of the gskam, the confirmed pathological liar, who burned over 400 dollars a month in gasoline and then blame his wife. These 2 are just jackasses, trolling this forum, braying at the heretics, pretending to care and so perfectly complement each other. Bray on jackasses, you'll save the world.
antigoracle
1 / 5 (4) Nov 04, 2016
Suggesting that goracle will 'reduce' his/her credibility, is like saying that Trump will lose support in the black community. You can't get much lower than almost 0.
-- The onion jackass hee...hawws...again.
Hey jackass, can you get lower than that the 1200 miles you drove in JUST 2 DAYS?
That's really rich, you talking about credibility. Spewing more than a tenth of the average annual CO2, in JUST 2 DAYS and then trolling this forum braying at the heretics, accusing them of not caring. Just take a glimpse at yourself and you just might see how much you have in common with Trump. Bray jackass...bray.
MR166
5 / 5 (1) Nov 05, 2016
A few posts back Barakn asked if I held Bush responsible for the problems in the ME. 8 years ago I would have said no but now I realize that Bush, Clinton and Obama are all puppets who are controlled by the same puppet masters. World chaos is the ultimate goal from which the New World Order and the rule of the .1% can grow and flourish.
gkam
1 / 5 (4) Nov 05, 2016
Does antigore understand his posts reveal more about his character than that of his victims?
gkam
1 / 5 (4) Nov 05, 2016
Does Ira know his automatic bot-voting system just displays his character, and not mine?
Uncle Ira
3.4 / 5 (5) Nov 05, 2016
Does Ira know his automatic bot-voting system just displays his character, and not mine?


Maybe you should ask him. How you pose the question probably won't matter much, I am pretty certain you won't like his answer. Why you don't give it a shot and see what he says. But you might want to wait until the pot wears off, you don't do so good when you do your question asking while you are high.
gkam
1 / 5 (4) Nov 05, 2016
"Ira", do you understand how your silly and/or nasty comments reflect more on you than your intended victim?

And why are you unable to discuss technical topics?
Uncle Ira
3.4 / 5 (5) Nov 05, 2016
"Ira", do you understand how your silly and/or nasty comments reflect more on you than your intended victim?
Sure I do Cher, but what you don't understand is your comments are and always have been even more silly. What? You thought all those goofy one liners were not silly? That all your "not in the business goobers" was not nasty?

And why are you unable to discuss technical topics?
I am able discuss them just fine Cher. But whenever I do, you always have some silly nasty thing to say that don't have anything to do the technical topic.

See there? I told you that you would not like the answer Skippy.
gkam
1 / 5 (4) Nov 05, 2016
I love it. Some anonymous poster from Trump Country assumes we care.
MR166
not rated yet Nov 05, 2016
"I love it. Some anonymous poster from Trump Country assumes we care."

Gkam do you plan to vote for Hillary? If so, what if anything would make her unfit in your mind to be president of the US vs Trump.
gkam
1 / 5 (4) Nov 05, 2016
If she said yes to the question, "Can I call your daughter a piece of a--?"

Trump said "Sure".

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