Paleontologists discover a big concentration of mammoth bones

October 4, 2016, Tomsk State University
Credit: Tomsk State University

Over a month, scientists and students ofTomsk State University (Russia) conducted an excavation in the Novosibirsk Region at one of the largest mammoth graveyards in Eurasia. Remnants of these ancient animals abound in the Wolf Mane area. But this time, researchers stumbled upon a very deep level of bones whose existence no one had suspected. At a depth of about 1.7 to 2.1 meters, paleontologists discovered the bones of young and adult mammoths.

"Initially, we opened two bone levels—that is typical for Wolf Mane. We found many interesting instances, and it seemed that there was nothing more," says Sergey Leshchinskiy, head of TSU's Laboratory of Mesozoic and Cenozoic Continental Ecosystems. "A week later, we were going to go home, but there is an unspoken rule to check the underlying sediments for at least two shovel depths. We opened one place, then another and realized that we would have 10 days more to dig."

Digging deeper, the discovered bone-bearing sediments with such a high number of residues that were not known either for Wolf Mane or for another mammoth site in Russia. The concentration per square meter, with a thickness of sediments to half a meter, exceeded 100 samples in some places. The researchers uncovered vertebrae, ribs, limb bones, and other parts.

According to the scientist, the of wooly mammoths that have been found at such a deep level at Wolf Mane have a very good state of preservation. They were buried under a layer of clay and sand in a small wash several years after the death of the animals. Notably, the researchers found a relatively large amount of anatomic articulation, which will help paleontologists to learn more about the place, find the causes of death of individuals, and determine their age, size, and other characteristics.

Paleontologists believe that the bones of the lowest level belong to the animals that came to Wolf Mane several thousand years before the mammoths, the remains of which other scientists began to find in the 1960s.

"Among the largest pieces is a thigh with the length of almost 1 meter 15 centimeters," says Leshinskiy. "Probably, it belonged to a male aged 45 to 50 years, which weighed five to six tons or more, and its height with account of the soft tissues exceeded three meters. Its remains, perhaps, laid in the formation for 20 to 25 or even 30 millennia. We can determine it more precisely with the help of the radiocarbon analysis."

According to scientists, a large difference in size between the mammoths of the lower and higher levels is explained by the fact that at the final period of its existence, this species had powerful pressure from unfavorable environmental factors. Judging by the fact that the signs of osteodystrophy are present in many remains of later mammoths, the animals were suffering from mineral starvation. That is what led them to animal black alkali soils, like Wolf Mane, where dozens of millennia later, TSU paleontologists found the remains of the largest mammals on the planet.

At Wolf Mane, scientists and students have revealed not only the remains of at least eight mammoths. Of 785 discovered findings, some teeth and bones belong to bison, horses, predators (probably fox or polar fox) and rodents. According to the researchers, this is only a small part of what Wolf Mane hides. In fact, as a mineral oasis for mammoths, it may yet hide the remains of hundreds or even thousands of individuals.

Explore further: 'Well-preserved' rare mammoth skull unearthed in Channel Islands puzzles scientists

Related Stories

Mexico wastewater project uncovers Ice Age bones

August 31, 2012

Workers have discovered hundreds of bones belonging to Ice Age animals, including mammoths, mastodons and glyptodons, while digging to build a wastewater treatment plant north of Mexico City.

Scientific dig in weird Wyoming cave yields ice age insights

August 24, 2016

Paleontologists digging at the bottom of a strange cave in northern Wyoming say they have uncovered a trove of animal bones from the last ice age this summer and have enough funding to head back at the same underground site ...

Recommended for you

Lifting barriers to citizenship for low-income immigrants

January 15, 2018

Taking the Oath of Allegiance at a naturalization ceremony is an emotional moment for many immigrants, and for good reason: it is the culmination of an often arduous process and many years of striving. Citizenship also opens ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.