Swedish telecom chief to steer web body ICANN to independence

February 8, 2016 by Glenn Chapman
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is transitioning to become an independent non-governmental body
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is transitioning to become an independent non-governmental body

Sweden's Goran Marby was Monday named head of the body that manages Internet addresses, pledging to uphold checks and balances as it steps out from under US government oversight.

Marby, director-general of the Swedish Post and Telecom Authority, will take charge in May of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) as the nonprofit transitions to become an independent non-governmental body.

In an exclusive interview with AFP, Marby described ICANN as evolving and vowed to keep it on course under what is known as "multistakeholder" governance, bringing in business and academia as well as users of the Internet.

"The stakeholder model has proven its strength," said Marby, who will succeed Fadi Chehade as president and chief executive at ICANN.

"It is important for me to continue that evolution. That is the way of going forward right now."

While the transition will not change how the Internet works, it will help reassure users, businesses and governments about its integrity, according to supporters who see it as a symbolic move towards asserting the web's independence.

The multistakeholder model is intended to allow virtually all users, in the public and private sector, to participate in Internet governance—as opposed to a "multilateral" system controlled by governments.

Fadi Chehade is the outgoing president and chief executive at ICANN
Fadi Chehade is the outgoing president and chief executive at ICANN

A transition plan being prepared since early 2014 is undergoing final touches before being delivered to the US government, and is on track for completion this year, ICANN says.

"The beauty of the stakeholder model is that it is like the Internet," Marby said. "The Internet is very distributed, so there are many checks and balances in the system to make sure it works. It is an unusual model but it is a working model and it is proven."

Steep learning curve

Marby's experience working with telecoms and technology stretches back more than 20 years, but he considers himself more business manager than geek.

"All my career I have been working with networks and the Internet and information security," Marby told AFP. "When this opportunity came around to continue to contribute to something that is so important, that was an opportunity I could not pass."

Sweden's PTS is a government agency that oversees communications industries including telephone Internet, and radio.

Before becoming its director-general in 2010, Marby spent about seven years as the chief of security software company AppGate, which he co-founded.

His background includes a stints with computer networks firms Cygate Group and Cisco. Marby holds a bachelor of science degree from the University of Gothenburg.

The 53-year-old Swedish citizen will move with his family from Stockholm to Los Angeles, where ICANN has offices.

"I am going to be on a really steep learning curve, but that is going to be part of the fun," he said.

Symbolic shift

If the US government approves the plan, the contract between ICANN and the US government will expire September 30.

Outgoing ICANN chief Chehade said in an interview last month in Washington the change is symbolic.

"People have aggrandized the role of the US government in what we do; but the change is actually minimal," Chehade said.

"It's important symbolically because the US was really a steward for the Internet, but for day-to-day accountability, it is minimal."

The US government has said it would seek to avoid any that gives government authorities too much power in Internet management.

Chehade said that without US oversight, ICANN would be managing the technical functions of the Internet under the supervision of a 16-member board which is designed to maintain diverse representation.

"We have a very solid process that ensures this is not a capturable board," which can be hijacked by governments or other institutions, he said.

Explore further: Internet set to cut cord with US government this year

Related Stories

Internet set to cut cord with US government this year

January 14, 2016

A plan to end a key US government oversight role on the Internet is on track for completion this year, the head of the online address gatekeeper said, in a symbolic move towards asserting the independence of the web.

End of US oversight role 'strengthens' Internet

July 9, 2015

The US government's stepping away from a key oversight role of the Internet will strengthen its governance and ease political pressures, the top Internet administrator said Wednesday.

ICANN chief stepping down in early 2016

May 21, 2015

The head of the group that oversees all Internet addresses will step down early next year, after a plan to end US oversight of the key nonprofit organization.

Internet regulator admits US control may be extended

February 5, 2015

The head of the Internet overseer ICANN conceded Thursday that the United States may have to extend its control over the group beyond September as governments bicker over a replacement regulatory regime.

US to extend Internet oversight role

August 18, 2015

The US is extending its oversight of a body that controls part of the Internet's structure, the Department of Commerce said, postponing a possible handover of responsibilities to a private entity.

Recommended for you

Earth's deep mantle flows dynamically

March 25, 2019

As ancient ocean floors plunge over 1,000 km into the Earth's deep interior, they cause hot rock in the lower mantle to flow much more dynamically than previously thought, finds a new UCL-led study.

Scientists solve mystery shrouding oldest animal fossils

March 25, 2019

Scientists from The Australian National University (ANU) have discovered that 558 million-year-old Dickinsonia fossils do not reveal all of the features of the earliest known animals, which potentially had mouths and guts.


Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.