Japan team to name element 113 in Asian first (Update)
Japan's Riken Institute said a team led by Kosuke Morita was awarded the rights from global scientific bodies—the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) and the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP)—after successfully creating the new synthetic element three times from 2004 to 2012.
It is the first element on the periodic table to be discovered and named by Asian scientists, Riken said.
Synthetic elements do not occur naturally on Earth and are produced artificially through experiments.
"IUPAC has announced that Morita's group will be given priority for the discovery of the new element, a privilege that includes the right to propose a name for it," Riken said in a statement.
Morita, a professor at Japan's Kyushu University, was informed via a letter from IUPAC on Thursday, Riken said.
A release on IUPAC's website confirmed the accomplishment.
"Several studies published from 2004 to 2012 have been construed as sufficient to ratify the discovery and priority," it said.
The name has yet to be decided, but Riken said that Morita will propose one in 2016.
"I feel grateful that the name will be included in the table for the first time after this recognition," Morita said at a press conference.
The naming right topped the evening news bulletin on public broadcaster NHK television.
Japan has a proud research tradition and its citizens have won about 20 Nobel prizes in science and medicine, including two in 2015.
The naming right is good news for Riken, which last year was embroiled in scandal after it had to withdraw what was once billed as a scientific breakthrough in stem cell reproduction by a young researcher.
IUPAC also said that Russian and US scientists working together had won the naming rights for three other elements—115, 117 and 118.
Experiment on the Synthesis of Element 113 in the Reaction 209Bi(70Zn,n)278113
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol. 73, No. 10, October, 2004, pp. 2593–2596
Observation of Second Decay Chain from 278113
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan Vol. 76, No. 4, April, 2007, 045001
Decay Properties of 266Bh and 262Db Produced in the 248Cm + 23Na Reaction
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol. 78, No. 6, June, 2009, 064201
New Result in the Production and Decay of an Isotope, 278113, of the 113th Element
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan 81 (2012) 103201
The report will be published based on the work published in those papers:
Paul J. Karol, Robert C. Barber, Bradley M. Sherrill, Emanuele Vardaci, and Toshimitsu Yamazaki, "Discovery of the elements with atomic numbers Z = 113, 115 and 117 (TBA)", To appear in Pure and Applied Chemistry, early 2016 issue.
© 2016 AFP