ESA's first technology nanosatellite reporting for duty

ESA’s first technology nanosatellite reporting for duty
ESA’s GomX-3 CubeSat plus the smaller student-built AAUSat-5 after being deployed from the NanoRacks dispenser on Japan's Kibo module of the International Space Station on 5 October 2015. They entered space together but a spring system pushed them away from each other. By the end of the week they were orbiting upwards of 100 km apart. Credit: ESA/NASA

ESA's first technology-testing CubeSat, released last week from the International Space Station, is in good health and is set to start work on its six-month mission.

"This tiny satellite was developed in only a year and now we are very pleased with the rapid progress made during the first few days in orbit to check its readiness for its mission," notes Roger Walker, overseeing ESA's technology CubeSat effort.

GomX-3 was designed and built for ESA by Denmark's Gomspace company. Engineer David Gerhardt adds: "Following its release from the Station on 5 October, much of the satellite's proving phase is complete, demonstrating that it is operational and in .

"We are now taking the first steps towards putting its technology payloads through their paces."

Despite its small size of 10x10x30 cm, the nanosatellite precisely controls its orientation by spinning miniaturised 'reaction wheels' at varying speeds.

This precision is an important factor in the effectiveness of the mission's technology-testing payloads.

One task will see GomX-3 pointing up towards to detect radio signals from telecom satellites in geostationary orbit to assess their overall transmission efficiency.

The processing software can be changed in flight, allowing the receiver to be reconfigured and used in extremely flexible ways, of wider interest for future ESA missions.

ESA’s first technology nanosatellite reporting for duty
Led by GomSpace in Denmark, GomX-3 is a 3-unit CubeSat mission to demonstrate aircraft ADS-B signal reception and geostationary telecommunication satellite spot beam signal quality using an L-band reconfigurable software-defined radio receiver. A miniaturised high data rate X-band transmitter developed by Syrlinks and funded by France’s CNES space agency is being flown as a third-party payload. The satellite was deployed from the International Space Station on 5 October 2015. Credit: ESA

The CubeSat also carries a miniaturised version of a transmitter being flown on ESA's Proba-V minisatellite for downloading data rapidly at X-band radio frequencies. Developed by the French Syrlinks company in cooperation with France's CNES space agency, the antenna will aim at X-band ground stations in the CNES network.

Once the communications link has been tested over the coming months, the transmitter will be available to fly on future nanosatellites to boost their amount of downloaded data.

GomX-3 also sports a receiver to detect navigation signals from aircraft. The satellite points its distinctive helical antenna to Earth and has already picked up a tens of thousands of Automatic Dependent Surveillance – Broadcast, or ADS-B, signals from aircraft since the day after launch.

ESA’s first technology nanosatellite reporting for duty
The technology-testing GomX-3 under construction. It was developed for ESA by GomSpace in Aalborg, Denmark, which is one of Europe’s main CubeSat manufacturers. A ‘three-unit’ CubeSat, it measures 10x10x30 cm with an approximate mass of 3 kg, with payloads to detect signals from aircraft and telecom satellites. Credit:

ESA's 2013-launched Proba-V first confirmed the feasibility of ADS-B detection from orbit, opening up the prospect of a global aircraft monitoring system incorporating remote regions not covered by ground-based air traffic control.

Gomspace's GomX-1, launched in 2013 and still operational, showed ADS-B detection could also be performed from smaller satellites, like CubeSats. GomX-3's receiver is an improved design.

"This is the first of many ESA nanosatellite missions," concludes Roger. "Our aim is to test new technologies and techniques or fly promising payloads in a more rapid affordable way, with more CubeSat launches next year."

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