Three candidates for ESA's next medium-class science mission

Three candidates for ESA’s next medium-class science mission
Exoplanets, plasma physics and the X-ray Universe are the topics chosen by ESA to be considered for the fourth medium-class mission slot, for launch in 2025. Credit: ATG medialab

Exoplanets, plasma physics and the X-ray Universe are the topics chosen by ESA to be considered for the fourth medium-class mission in its Cosmic Vision science programme, for launch in 2025.

Following the recommendation by a peer review committee, Alvaro Giménez, Director of Science and Robotic Exploration, decided that three candidate concepts submitted to its 'M4' call will be studied further: the Atmospheric Remote-Sensing Infrared Exoplanet Large-survey (Ariel), the Turbulence Heating ObserveR (Thor) and the X-ray Imaging Polarimetry Explorer (Xipe).

"The selection of these three exciting mission concepts for study is an important step in the continuation of ESA's long-term presence in space," says Professor Giménez. 

"The three proposals each offer the chance to tackle some of the major outstanding scientific questions about our place in the Universe."

Ariel would analyse the atmospheres of around 500 planets orbiting close to nearby stars, to determine their chemical composition and physical conditions. The results would help scientists better understand planet formation, putting our own Solar System in context.

Thor would address a fundamental problem in space concerned with the heating of plasma and the subsequent dissipation of energy. Planned to orbit Earth, its studies would include the interaction of the solar wind with Earth's magnetic field.

The investigation would shed light on the underlying physical mechanisms of plasma behaviour under turbulent conditions, in order to understand a key interaction between planets and their host stars.

Xipe would study X-ray emissions from high-energy sources such as supernovas, galaxy jets, black holes and neutron stars, to discover more about the behaviour of matter under extreme conditions.

It would be the first observatory sensitive enough to make high-resolution measurements of the polarisation of these sources, opening a new window into the high-energy Universe.

The three mission concepts were chosen from 27 proposals that were submitted in response to the mission call made by ESA to the scientific community last year.

After a study period aimed at making a detailed technical and scientific definition of the three concepts, one mission will be selected to fill the fourth medium-class (M4) opportunity in ESA's Cosmic Vision 2015–2025 Plan, for launch in 2025.

Solar Orbiter, Euclid, and PLATO have already been selected as medium-class missions and are scheduled for launch in 2018, 2020 and 2024 respectively.


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Citation: Three candidates for ESA's next medium-class science mission (2015, June 4) retrieved 17 September 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-06-candidates-esa-medium-class-science-mission.html
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Jun 05, 2015
"Planned to orbit Earth, its studies would include the interaction of the solar wind with Earth's magnetic field."
Looks like we'll get to say..."I told you so" to the mainstream puppets.

Jun 05, 2015
sub;Space Vision
ESA-The programmes appear to be more realistic now. However, Cosmology-East West Interaction in search of origins-vedas interlinks appear to be a longway. in the mean-time, all groups must apply their minds-
save Earth planet and life support. Useful links
SPACE VISION-OM-COSMOLOGICAL INDEX-By Vidyardhi Nanduri-TXU 1-731-970 - SPACE SCIENCE-Reports Cover [ESA]-2010- PROPOSALS-Environment-Sensex-Earth-Glow-Sun Life-
Significance - Human Being in-depth-Milky-way Sensex-Aditya links
1.ENVIRONMENT SENSEX-EARTH'S GLOW-SUN-LIFE SIGNIFICANCE -.PPT-27
2.SUN TO ADITYA-COSMOLOGY VEDAS INTERLINKS –..PPT-27
3.COSMOLOGICAL INDEX-MILKYWAY SENSEX-VISIBLE -INVISIBLE MATRIX 2010..PPT-33
see vidyardhicosmology.blogspot.com

Jun 09, 2015
sorry to interrupt, JeanTate, but...

The hard cover books that used to populate library shelves back in the late 70's
@reset
are you really pulling a cantdrive and saying nothing has changed since 1970?


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