Observers slam 'lackluster' Lima climate deal

December 14, 2014 by Mariette Le Roux
Activists hold banners challenging public money going to financing dirty energy in the COP20 grounds in Lima on December 3, 2014

A carbon-curbing deal struck in Lima on Sunday was a watered-down compromise where national intransigence threatened the goal of a pact to save Earth's climate system, green groups said.

The hard-fought agreement sets out guidelines for the submission of national greenhouse-gas pledges next year.

But, the groups said, initially ambitious standards became weaker the longer the talks wound on.

In a tug-of-war between rich and developing nation interests, the end result was a "lackluster plan with little scientific relevancy," said WWF's expert, Samantha Smith.

"Against the backdrop of in the Philippines and potentially the hottest year ever recorded, governments at the UN in Lima opted for a half-baked plan to cut emissions," she added.

NGOs and developing nations alike had hoped the agreement would compel rich countries to include information in their pledges on climate adaptation and other financial help.

They had also sought a robust assessment of the pledges' aggregate effect and a mechanism for ramping up contributions, if they were judged inadequate to meet the UN goal of limiting to two degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) over pre-industrial levels.

The effects of global warming and forecasts for greenhous gases, temperature and sea levels

But expectations were mostly disappointed.

The talks, which spilled more than 30 hours into overtime, got bogged down early on in a fight over "differentiation"—how to divide responsibility for carbon cuts between rich and poor nations.

The outcome, said the US-based Union of Concerned Scientists, reflected "the bare minimum" to keep negotiations on the road to inking a climate-saving pact in Paris next December that will have the pledges at its heart.

Rather than imposing a requirement, the text merely "urges" parties to "consider including an adaptation component" in their pledges, and on finance similarly "urges" developed countries to provide support.

In a nod to poor country concerns, the new text did reintroduce a reference to "common but differentiated responsibilities" that had been dropped from earlier drafts.

Political expediency 'won'

View of an indigenous symbol formed by dozens of activists at a beachfront in Lima, on December 6, 2014, on the sidelines of the UN COP20 and CMP10
"The package... puts in place a draft of a Paris agreement without narrowing down any of the difficult political issues that have plagued global efforts to address climate change for more than 20 years," said Oxfam.

"The deal does not require that the initial pledges parties make in 2015 reflect their fair share, does not guarantee that these offers will use common or comprehensive information, or have any mechanism to review whether they will prevent catastrophic warming or not."

To give the process a boost, rich nations will have to bring detailed plans for how they intend to meet a promise to ramp up their climate funding to $100 billion per year by 2020, said the observers.

"The limited progress that was achieved in Peru, in particular on the provision of financial support to poor countries to adapt to climate change or repair the damages from , is a big letdown," said Wendel Trio of Climate Action Network (CAN).

These critics also feared guidelines were too vague for cutting fossil-fuel emissions leading up to 2020, when the Paris pact will enter into force.

"The science is clear that delaying action until 2020 will make it near impossible to avoid the worst impacts of , yet political expediency won over scientific urgency," said WWF's Smith.

Explore further: Final week of climate talks start with new draft text

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2.6 / 5 (5) Dec 14, 2014
It is really hard to fight Big Oil Money, which already owns the governments of many nations.

But we must release ourselves from the dirty clutches of Big Oil, and develop our own fuels, ones which do not kill us.
5 / 5 (1) Dec 14, 2014
I am totally baffled about this result. So there is no benchmarks agreed to except that countries that are producing carbon d can go ahead, and the countries that aren't can't but will get money to buy solar or wind farms produced and manufactured and installed by the countries that are?
2.3 / 5 (6) Dec 14, 2014
It's OK. The earth hasn't heated for 2 decades and the Antarctic ice sheets are at an all time expansion and thickness. It's really not as bad as they are trying to sell it to you.
3.9 / 5 (7) Dec 14, 2014
It's OK. The earth hasn't heated for 2 decades and the Antarctic ice sheets are at an all time expansion and thickness. It's really not as bad as they are trying to sell it to you.

Where are you getting the lie that the earth hasn't heated in 2 decades?
3.3 / 5 (7) Dec 15, 2014
JamesG just pops up every now and then with that silly statement, then goes away to hide.

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