Buildings key to beating earthquakes

November 1, 2012, University of Edinburgh

Strong buildings in earthquake zones are by the best form of defence against tremors, University of Edinburgh expert says.

Professor Iain Main, who was the sole UK member of a panel of scientists investigating the problem of earthquake forecasting following the L'Aquila quake of 2009, spoke following the recent conviction of six scientists in relation to the disaster.

Professor Main said that it is possible to predict where an earthquake could occur, but impossible to predict their timing.

Most deaths are caused by falling masonry, and aiming to prevent this by making buildings as safe as possible in quake zones should be a priority, he adds.

Unpredictable

Scientists can forecast that earthquakes will almost certainly happen, but at a low background rate of once in 100 or 1,000 years, depending on the size of the quake and where it is.

This is used to assess the long term hazard, and set building design codes.

Before the L'Aquila quake, a series of small - known as a seismic swarm - took place.

Such are can temporarily raise the probability of a larger earthquake happening, but only to a low level, 1% or less.

In reality this could lead to a very high rate of false alarms - more than 99 per cent.

Local cooperation

Research is ongoing into how to quantify such accurately in real time.

Further studies are needed to identify the appropriate course of action, given such uncertain information, and how to communicate this in a way that respects local .

This requires interaction and co-operation between scientists, , , community groups and schools, and will need to be continuously tested.

Explore further: Seismologists' trial in Italy highlights need for routine earthquake forecasting, geophysicist says

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