Suomi NPP captures smoke plume images from Russian and African fires

August 29, 2012 by Laura Betz, NASA
Fires burning in Russia in early August sent smoke plumes into the air. These images track a four day period. Suomi NPP satellite's Ozone Mapping Profiler Suite tracked aerosols from the fires. The smoke carried over from one fire to the other. These false-colored images make the data stand out. The blue and green colors represent less smoke. Yellows and pink represent more smoke. Credit: NASA/Suomi NPP/Colin Seftor

Powerful fires currently scorching parts of Russia and Africa sent up plumes of smoke into the atmosphere, images captured on Aug. 2, 2012, by the nation's newest Earth-observing satellite, Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (NPP).

The satellite's Ozone Mapping Profiler Suite (OMPS) tracks the lofted smoke aerosols from the fires as winds move the plumes across the globe.

Colin Seftor, an atmospheric physicist at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., compiled these . Seftor, who works for Science Systems and Applications, Inc., studies aerosols, tiny airborne solid and liquid particles.

The four images show the merging of smoke from burning in central and eastern Russia over a four-day period. High temperatures and lightning are believed to be the cause of these fires.

In these false-color images, the magenta represents dense areas of smoke nearly directly over the two fires, while the yellow and blue areas show areas where the two smoke plumes are merging.

Over the four-day period shown in these images, some of the smoke is close enough to the ground to impact air quality.

The Russian state news agency RIA Novosti reported that Tomsk, a city with approximately the same population as Tucson, Ariz. has been shrouded in smoke, and hospitals prepared for an increase in patients affected by . A Russian official quoted by the press agency United Press International said that levels of the air pollutant carbon monoxide were twice as high as the current standard.

Fires burning in central Africa in early August sent smoke plumes to Spain. Dust was also seen along the northwest coast of Africa. Credit: NASA/Suomi NPP/Colin Seftor

In the above image, acquired on Aug. 2, 2012, hundreds of fires in central Africa sent up large amounts of smoke. Farmers set these fires to clear brush in preparation for Africa's growing season. In this image, Saharan dust can also be seen along the northwest coast of Africa. Smoke plumes from these central African fires reached southern Spain.

Smoke changes the Earth's solar , which in turn, affects the amount of heat in the Earth system, says Seftor. "Smoke can also change how clouds interact with solar radiation (the balance between incoming and outgoing radiation to the earth)."

Smoke can affect the atmosphere in other ways as well. Long-lasting smoke plumes from the African fires can chemically react with other constituents in the atmosphere, producing ozone in the process, says Seftor.

Explore further: Satellite sees smoke from Siberian fires reach the U.S. coast

Related Stories

Fires around Moscow: A satellite perspective

August 13, 2010

Space scientists at the University of Leicester have released satellite images of vast plumes of smoke emanating from the peat bog fires which are currently sweeping across central and western Russia.

Image: Smoke over Western Russia

August 3, 2010

( -- Hundreds of fires burned across western Russia on August 2, 2010, but it is the smoke that conveys the magnitude of the disaster in this true-color image from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer ...

Fires and Smoke in Russia

August 5, 2010

Intense fires continued to rage in western Russia on August 4, 2010. Burning in dry peat bogs and forests, the fires produced a dense plume of smoke that reached across hundreds of kilometers. The Moderate Resolution Imaging ...

NASA measures aerosols from western fires

July 9, 2012

As Americans observed Independence Day, wildfires continued to burn across the western United States, including wildfires in Colorado and the Fontenelle Fire in Wyoming. Wildfire smoke affected large parts of the country, ...

NASA satellite sees several western US fires blazing

June 22, 2012

Fires are raging in the western U.S. and in one overpass from its orbit around the Earth, NASA's Aqua satellite picked up smoke and identified hot spots from fires in Colorado, Nevada, Arizona and New Mexico.

Recommended for you

Maximizing the environmental benefits of autonomous vehicles

February 15, 2018

The added weight, electricity demand and aerodynamic drag of the sensors and computers used in autonomous vehicles are significant contributors to their lifetime energy use and greenhouse gas emissions, according to a new ...


Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.