40% of degree-holders from China, India in 2020: OECD

Emerging powerhouses China and India will lead the way in churning out university graduates by the end of the decade, the OECD said Wednesday.

Forty percent of the over 200 million university graduates aged 25 to 34 in 2020 will come from the two countries, according to the Organisation for and Development (OECD).

"By contrast, the United States and the European Union countries are expected to account for just over a quarter of young people with tertiary degrees in OECD and G20 countries," the OECD said in a new education report.

China alone will account for 29 percent of graduates in 2020, after quintupling its numbers in the last decade, while India will account for 12 and the United State for 11 percent.

The latest report from the Education in Focus series highlights the strides like China and India and other non-OECD nations have made in higher education since 2000.

By gradually shifting the focus from mass production jobs to knowledge-based work, the top developing nations have nearly caught up to developed nations in terms of .

"If this trend continues, the number of 25- to 34-year-olds from Argentina, Brazil, , India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation, Saudia Arabia and South Africa with a higher degree will be almost 40 percent higher than the number from all OECD by the year 2020," OECD press officer Spencer Wilson said Wednesday.

The United States, for example, has seen its share fall, from 17 percent in 2000 to 14 percent in 2010, and to the expected 11 percent in 2020.

OECD also found that between 1998 and 2008, employment in science and technology grew at a higher rate in both developed and developing nations than total employment.

The report can be consulted at: www.oecd.org/dataoecd/62/53/50495363.pdf

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Citation: 40% of degree-holders from China, India in 2020: OECD (2012, July 11) retrieved 15 October 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-07-degree-holders-china-india-oecd.html
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Jul 11, 2012
this is america, you can buy a degree for 5$ from the right instituiton. the question is not the number of degree holders, but the quality of phd's that can actually produce useful research. if it wasn't apparent by the fact that the u.s. has increasingly imported indian chinese and russian and arabic professors and researchers, than-----

the developing world has and will continue to be a breeding ground for brains far larger and superior to the west due to sheer numbers of people and the competition that this generates. WHERE the research is actually done is more a matter of the heritage of global institutions and where capital will flow.

the big bets are on singapore, taiwan, and specific research parks in areas of israel , honk kong, certain parts of china----and then of course. silicon valle'

Jul 11, 2012
If America wants to compete they need to really rethink the University system. Reduce the cost and make the curriculum more relevant. Knowledge and facts are easily accessible problem solving with those facts should be our number one priority.

Jul 12, 2012
the surprising fact is , 15 % of grad students and professors in best american and canadian schools are chinese, which would make the number grow...

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