Wikipedia to be blacked out over anti-piracy bill (Update)


Wikipedia will black out the English language version of its website Wednesday to protest anti-piracy legislation under consideration in Congress, the foundation behind the popular community-based online encyclopedia said in a statement Monday night.

The website will go dark for 24 hours in an unprecedented move that brings added muscle to a growing base of critics of the legislation. Wikipedia is considered one of the Internet's most popular websites, with millions of visitors daily.

"If passed, this legislation will harm the free and open Internet and bring about new tools for censorship of international websites inside the United States," the Wikimedia foundation said.

The Stop Online Piracy Act in the U.S. House of Representatives and the Protect Intellectual Property Act under consideration in the Senate are designed to crack down on sales of pirated U.S. products overseas.

Supporters include the film and music industry, which often sees its products sold illegally. They say the legislation is needed to protect intellectual property and jobs.

Critics say the legislation could hurt the technology industry and infringe on free-speech rights. Among their concerns are provisions that would weaken cyber-security for companies and hinder domain access rights.

The most controversial provision is in the House bill, which would have enabled federal authorities to "blacklist" sites that are alleged to distribute pirated content. That would essentially cut off portions of the Internet to all U.S. users. But congressional leaders appear to be backing off this provision.

Tech companies such as Google, Facebook, Yahoo, Twitter, eBay, AOL and others have spoken out against the legislation and said it threatens the industry's livelihood. Several online communities such as Reddit, Boing Boing and others have announced plans to go dark in protest as well.

The Obama administration also raised concerns about the legislation over the weekend and said it will work with Congress on legislation to help battle piracy and counterfeiting while defending free expression, privacy, security and innovation in the Internet.

Wikipedia's decision to go dark brings the issue into a much brighter spotlight. A group of Wikipedia users have discussed for more than a month whether it should react to the legislation.

Over the past few days, a group of more than 1,800 volunteers who work on the site and other users considered several forms of online protest, including banner ads and a global blackout of the site, the foundation said. Ultimately, the group supported the decision to black out the English version of the site.

Jimmy Wales, the founder of Wikipedia who first announced the move on his Twitter account Monday, said the bills are a threat to the free, open, and secure web.

"The whole thing is just a poorly designed mess," Wales said in an email to The Associated Press.

Wikipedia is also requesting that readers contact members of Congress about the bill during the blackout.

"I am personally asking everyone who cares about freedom and openness on the Internet to contact their Senators and Representative," Wales said. "One of the things we have learned recently during the Arab spring events is that the Internet is a powerfully effective tool for the public to organize and have their voices heard."

Wikipedia will shut down access from midnight Eastern Standard Time on Tuesday night until midnight Wednesday.

This is the first time Wikipedia's English version has gone dark. Its Italian site came down once briefly in protest to an Internet censorship bill put forward by the Berlusconi government; the bill did not advance.

"Wikipedia is about being open," said Jay Walsh, spokesman for the Wikimedia foundation. "We are not about shutting down and protesting. It's not a muscle that is normally flexed."

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User comments

Jan 16, 2012
Call your representative and voice your opposition to SOPA, PIPA and E-PARASITE

Jan 16, 2012
I am tired of having to wade through wiki to find anything useful on google.
I know I should stop using google.

Jan 16, 2012
I am tired of having to wade through wiki to find anything useful on google.
I know I should stop using google.

im in china, and google has not been working at all for the last few days. i can use gmail, but that is all. you guys outside of china receive any news about that?

Jan 16, 2012
I see no news about google and china since last july when they said that the Chinese government would not be shutting down maybe they changed their minds?

Jan 17, 2012
No news on google in China, but India said recently it can block facebook an google (maybe they meen googleplus) like China.

Jan 17, 2012
If wikipedia goes offline then that's a bad hit on humanity's extended mind:

Jan 17, 2012
I see no news about google and china since last july when they said that the Chinese government would not be shutting down maybe they changed their minds?

thanks. actually, i did see somewhere that google was thinking of changing their stance on china because they wanted to at least get some of the market. I saw that...maybe here on physorg? I saw it like one or two days before suddenly the google main page stopped working, and when using chrome search bar (the one that says the url in most browsers but can automatically do a google search using chrome) stopped working entirely If i type, it will labor for a while and then just time out, just like with facebook. If i type 'potato' or 'washington' or 'vanilla icecream' or anything else, it suddenly gets a "connection reset" error in chinese.

Jan 17, 2012
How will the world be able to think on Wednesday?

Jan 17, 2012
ryggesoqn2: Normally I would not bother with you, but I agree that you stop using Google...and the rest of the internet as well.

Jan 18, 2012
bing works here in china though. im not used to using it because i use gmail and chrome. but i should have mentioned that sooner. still works here in china last i checked. and i just tried to use google now while writing this comment and it is working fine. anyway, there you go.

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