Hubble's Deepest View of Universe Unveils Never-Before-Seen Galaxies (w/ Video)

Hubble's deepest view of universe unveils never-before-seen galaxies
This image is a composite of separate exposures made by the WFC3 instrument on the Hubble Space Telescope. Three filters were used to sample broad wavelength ranges in the near-infrared. The color results from assigning different colors to each monochromatic image. In this case, the assigned colors are: F105W (Y) blue, F125W (J) green and F160 (H) red. The image is roughly 2.4 arcminutes wide. Credit: NASA, ESA, G. Illingworth (UCO/Lick Observatory and the University of California, Santa Cruz), R. Bouwens (UCO/Lick Observatory and Leiden University) and the HUDF09 Team

(PhysOrg.com) -- In 2004, Hubble created the Hubble Ultra Deep Field (HUDF), the deepest visible-light image of the Universe, and now, with its brand-new camera, Hubble is seeing even farther. This image was taken in the same region as the visible HUDF, but is taken at longer wavelengths.

Hubble's newly installed 3 (WFC3) collects light from near-infrared wavelengths and therefore looks even farther back towards the Big Bang, because the light from hot in these very distant galaxies is stretched out of the ultraviolet and visible regions of the spectrum into near-infrared wavelengths by the expansion of the Universe. This new deep view also provides insights into how galaxies grew in their formative years early in the Universe's history.

How far is far? And how do you know when you get there? NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has taken the deepest photograph of the universe ever made in near-infrared light. The picture reveals several thousands of far-flung galaxies. The farthest, merely dim points of light in this view offer a peek at the universe as it looked just 600 million years after the Big Bang. No galaxies have ever been seen before at such early times. This image reveals the emergence of stars and galaxies in the infant universe's formative years. This new Hubble view clearly demonstrates that the James Webb Space Telescope will have a lot to go hunting for at the horizon of the universe. Credit: NASA, ESA, and G. Bacon and M. Estacion (STScI)

A boon to astronomers worldwide, the new WFC3 data — taken by the HUDF09 team — have set a multitude of teams to work, furiously searching for the most distant galaxies yet discovered. In just three months, twelve scientific papers on these new data have been submitted.

This image was taken by the HUDF09 team, which has made it available for research by astronomers worldwide. The photo was taken with the new WFC3/infrared camera on Hubble in late August 2009, during a total of four days of pointing for 173 000 seconds of total exposure time. Infrared light is invisible to the human eye and therefore does not have colours that can be perceived. The representation is "natural" in that shorter infrared wavelengths are represented as blue and the longer wavelengths as red. The faintest objects are about one billion times fainter than the dimmest visible objects seen with the naked eye.

These Hubble observations are blazing a trail for Hubble's successor, the NASA/ESA (JWST), which will look even farther into the Universe than Hubble, at . The launch of JWST is planned for 2014.

Source: ESA/Hubble Information Centre (news : web)


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Citation: Hubble's Deepest View of Universe Unveils Never-Before-Seen Galaxies (w/ Video) (2009, December 8) retrieved 28 October 2021 from https://phys.org/news/2009-12-hubble-deepest-view-universe-unveils.html
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