Researchers Develop New Glue from Corn

Researchers Develop New Glue from Corn
ARS chemist Milagros Hojilla-Evangelista has found a way to make a high-value glue extender for plywood production out of corn germ, a byproduct left over after the corn oil is removed from corn germ meal. Here she tests the breaking point of plywood laminated with vegetable based glue.

After the oil is extracted from corn germ meal, the corn germ is typically fed to poultry and other livestock animals. But a new, value-added use could be on tap for this “leftover,” thanks to studies by an Agricultural Research Service scientist in Peoria, Ill.

There, at the agency’s Plant Polymer Research Unit, chemist Milagros Hojilla-Evangelista has determined that corn germ can be used as a protein extender for plywood glues, potentially opening the door to a new market for the agricultural . Glue extenders reduce the amount of main binder, or resin, used in such glues and enhance their adhesive action.

The conventional extender for most plywood glues is industrial-grade wheat flour, according to Hojilla-Evangelista. However, she has sought to expand the list of agricultural extenders in the event glue manufacturers needed a comparable alternative—for example, because of a spike in wheat-flour prices or drop in supply.

Drawing on earlier work with soy-flour-based glues, Hojilla-Evangelista devised a corn-germ formulation for use in sprayline coating, a procedure that applies a liquid adhesive to wood surfaces using overhead nozzles.

In tests, she applied the corn-germ-based glue to one side of 12-inch by 12-inch southern pine veneers, then hot-pressed them following industry-standard conditions to produce three-ply panels. Her analysis of the material found the bonding strength of the corn-germ-based glue to be similar to that of the wheat-flour-based formula. Its and mixing properties also compared well, adds Hojilla-Evangelista, who first reported the findings in June 2008 at the Corn Utilization and Technology Conference in Kansas City, Mo.

Her focus now is increasing the amount of corn used in the to try and reduce the amount of needed, which would potentially cut manufacturing costs.

More information: Agricultural Research magazine, September 2009 issue.

Provided by Agricultural Research Service

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User comments

Sep 01, 2009
love the add for the propaganda site- High Fructose Corn Syrup -
they try so hard to tell us that HFCS is no worse for you than sugar. But swallow that load at your own risk. All I know is, I feel worse when I eat HFCS vs sugar.

Sep 02, 2009
So I should invest in chicken feed and chicken products sinice the prices are going thought the roof, right?

Sep 02, 2009
VOR, they're "trying so hard" because your side of the isle vomits forth so much unfounded BS. I've yet to even hear a plausible mechanism advanced.

Free sucrose is almost instantaneously(minutes) split into an equal mix of fructose and glucose known as invert sugar when you eat it so there's no significant difference in the rate of absorbtion. Invert sugar corresponds to HFCS-50 where-as the industry standard for corn syrup is HFCS-55(55% fructose, 45% glucose), there's no significant difference in the composition. What other hypotheses are left then?

All I know is, I feel worse when I eat HFCS vs sugar.

That doesn't mean anything to me. The electricity allergy people say the same thing; they feel worse whenever they're standing near a cellphone or a fluorescent light is turned on. Whenever you actually do a double blind test on these people the result invariably comes back the same, they're no better than chance at telling if the device is turned on(the same device they were exposed to unblinded and claimed to be able to readily feel the ill effects of).

If it's just that you dislike the taste of high fructose corn-syrup, which is very different from sucrose, have the balls to say so.

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