Obesity linked to decreased seatbelt use

Obese people are less likely to use their seatbelts than the rest of the population, adding to the public health risks associated with this rapidly growing problem.

The connection was made by Vanderbilt University psychologist David Schlundt and his colleagues at Meharry Medical College in Nashville, Tenn.

“We found that when weight goes up, seatbelt use goes down,” Schlundt, associate professor of psychology and assistant professor of medicine, said. “This is an additional public health problem associated with obesity that was not on the radar screen. We hope these new findings will help promote awareness campaigns to encourage people to use their seatbelts and that additional resources, like seatbelt extenders, will be made more readily available.”

Schlundt and his colleagues examined 2002 data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control’s Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey, a telephone survey used to collect data on risky behaviors and health decisions associated with death.

The study found that approximately 30 percent of individuals with a body mass index (kilograms per meter squared) that qualified them as overweight, obese or extremely obese reported not using a seatbelt, compared to approximately 20 percent of the average population. Furthermore, seatbelt use declined as BMI increased, with approximately 55 percent of extremely obese individuals reporting they did not use a seatbelt. The connection between increased body mass index and decreased seatbelt use held even when controlling for other factors, such as gender, race and seatbelt laws in the respondent’s state.

The scope of the public health problem posed by the lack of seatbelt use is magnified by the growing rate of obesity; nearly 60 percent of the survey respondents fell into the categories of overweight, obese or extremely obese.

“We know obesity increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and some cancers,” Schlundt said. “We now know that increased risk of injury or death due to a car accident can be added to the list of risk associated with obesity.”

The authors suggest that a reason why people with a high BMI do not use seatbelts is because doing so is uncomfortable.

“Efforts should be made to raise public awareness about seatbelt extender availability, and manufacturers not offering seatbelt extenders should be encouraged, or required, to make them available,” they wrote. “Engineering solutions such as seatbelts with wider, more cushioned bands and greater adjustability may also be helpful by making seatbelts more comfortable for overweight and obese persons.”

Seatbelt usage reduces automobile crash-related deaths and injuries by at least 50 percent.


Source: Vanderbilt University


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Citation: Obesity linked to decreased seatbelt use (2008, January 2) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2008-01-obesity-linked-decreased-seatbelt.html
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Jan 02, 2008
Um, shouldn't the headline properly read "Decreased seatbelt use linked to obesity"? The current headline ("Obesity linked to decreased seatbelt use") hilariously implies that those who don't use seatbelts risk (therefore) becoming obese!!!! But really it's the becoming obese that affects the seatbelt use. It's pretty funny the way it is though!

Jan 03, 2008
This just in:

Taxpayers will be pleased to find out that their dollars have finally cracked one of the greatest unanswered questions plaguing mankind... do fat people have trouble wrapping things around themselves. And the answer (drumroll, please) is....

YES!

Jan 04, 2008
hmmm... Is there any evidence showing that obese non seat belt wearing drivers are suffering an increased rate of injury or death as a result of their abstention?

None mentioned in the article. It's just an assumption that there will be such effects based on the highly contentious assertion that injury/death rates are associated with lower seat belt use. What such assumptions always ignore is the effect on the overall accident rate. Non seat belt wearers - being aware of the greater risk to themselves MIGHT be driving more safely to the benefit not only of themselves but other road users...

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