We now know how insects and bacteria control ice

Contrary to what you may have been taught, water doesn't always freeze to ice at 32 degrees F (zero degrees C). Knowing, or controlling, at what temperature water will freeze (starting with a process called nucleation) is ...

New method inverts the self-assembly of liquid crystals

In liquid crystals, molecules automatically arrange themselves in an ordered fashion. Researchers from the University of Luxembourg have discovered a method that allows an anti-ordered state, which will enable novel material ...

Researchers find a way to synthesize small cyclodextrins

A team of researchers at Kwansei Gakuin University in Japan has found a way to synthesize small cyclodextrins (types of cyclic oligosaccharides) for the first time. In their paper published in the journal Science, the group ...

Researchers characterize molecular scissors for plastic waste

A research team from the University of Greifswald and Helmholtz-Zentrum-Berlin (HZB) has solved the molecular structure of the enzyme MHETase at BESSY II. MHETase was discovered in bacteria, and together with a second enzyme, ...

New smart material works better under pressure

Advanced robotics sensitive touch or next-generation wearable devices with sophisticated sensing capabilities could soon be possible following the development of a rubber that combines flexibility with high electrical conductivity.

Ships slide in an air envelope

Friction, corrosion, and biofilms are three major problems in shipping. The research project "Air-retaining Surfaces" (ARES) – a collaboration project of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and the universities of Bonn ...

MOFs can sense and sort troublesome gases

From astronauts and submariners to miners and rescue workers, people who operate in small, enclosed spaces need good air quality to work safely and effectively. Electronic sensors now developed by a KAUST team can simultaneously ...

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