Soils could keep contaminants in wastewater from reaching groundwater, streams
With endocrine-disrupting compounds affecting fish populations in rivers as close as Pennsylvania's Susquehanna and as far away as Israel's Jordan, a new research study shows that soils can filter out and ...
Study helps assess impact of temperature on belowground soil decomposition
The Earth's soils store four times more carbon than the atmosphere and small changes in soil carbon storage can have a big effect on atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations. A new paper in the journal Nature Cl ...
'RoboClam' hits new depths as robotic digger (w/ Video)
A digging robot inspired by the unique mechanisms employed by the Atlantic razor clam has been created by a group of researchers in the US.
Researchers offer taphonomic degradation processes for mammalian hair
Home Microbiome Project announces results of study on household microbes
A person's home is their castle, and they populate it with their own subjects: millions and millions of bacteria.
Electric sparks may alter evolution of lunar soil
The moon appears to be a tranquil place, but modeling done by University of New Hampshire and NASA scientists suggests that, over the eons, periodic storms of solar energetic particles may have significantly ...
Elevated CO2 further lengthens growing season as climate warms
(Phys.org) —A new study published this week in the journal Nature by the USDA Agricultural Research Service, and Fort Lewis College and Colorado State University researchers demonstrates that higher atmosp ...
Seeing the bedrock through the trees
University of California, Berkeley, geologist William Dietrich pioneered the application of airborne LIDAR – light detection and ranging – to map mountainous terrain, stripping away the vegetation to ...
Spicy plant cuts the mustard as nerve gas fighter
The white mustard plant, having added spice to our lives for centuries, may soon be put to a very different use—in the fight against chemical weapons, scientists said Wednesday.
Searching for drugs in dirt, researchers call on citizen scientists
(Phys.org) —Microbes are not only a rich source of disease, but also a rich source of medicines, and experts think many life-saving compounds produced by as-yet-unnamed bacteria are awaiting discovery. ...
A protein key to the next green revolution sits for its portrait
(Phys.org) —If you pull up a soybean or bean plant and shake off the dirt, you might see odd swellings or bumps, like rheumatic finger joints, on its roots. Inside the cool, soil-covered bumps are bacteria ...
Biologists help solve fungi mysteries
(Phys.org) —A new genetic analysis revealing the previously unknown biodiversity and distribution of thousands of fungi in North America might also reveal a previously underappreciated contributor to climate ...
Innovative technique may transform the hunt for new antibiotics and cancer therapies
Antibiotic resistance is depleting our arsenal against deadly diseases and infections, such as tuberculosis and Staph infections, but recent research shows promise to speed up the drug discovery process.
Dirty pool: Soil's large carbon stores could be freed by increased CO2, plant growth
An increase in human-made carbon dioxide in the atmosphere could initiate a chain reaction between plants and microorganisms that would unsettle one of the largest carbon reservoirs on the planet—soil.