Study assesses nations' vulnerabilities to reduced mollusk harvests from ocean acidification
Changes in ocean chemistry due to increased carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are expected to damage shellfish populations around the world, but some nations will feel the impacts much sooner and more intensely than others, ac ...
Prodigal plankton species makes first known migration from Pacific to Atlantic via Pole
Some 800,000 years ago -- about the time early human tribes were learning to make fire a tiny species of plankton called Neodenticula seminae went extinct in the North Atlantic.
Fulbright scholar takes ecological theory to Andean heights
For 2011 Fulbright awardee James Elser, Argentina's soaring, glacier-laden peaks, ancient cultures, and criollo horses offer a spectacular backdrop for this region's biggest draw: access to the "last unpolluted ...
Japan's tsunami debris set for 10-year Pacific tour
Debris sucked from the shoreline of Japan by the March 11 tsunami has embarked on a 10-year circuit of the North Pacific, posing an enduring threat to shipping and wildlife, a French green group says.
Salt marsh sediments help gauge climate-change-induced sea level rise
A newly constructed, 2,000-year history of sea level elevations will help scientists refine the models used to predict climate-change-induced sea level rise, according to an international team of climate researchers. The ...
Mini-submarines to gauge Lake Geneva pollution
Two mini-submarines that have filmed the wreckage of the doomed luxury cruise liner Titanic will dive into Lake Geneva to gauge its pollution levels, Swiss researchers said Tuesday.
'Explosive' evolution in pupfish
Two groups of small fish, one from a Caribbean island and one from the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico, exhibit some of the fastest rates of evolution known in any organism, according to a new UC Davis study.
Earth from space: Dust and plankton
(PhysOrg.com) -- Envisat captures dust and sand from the Algerian Sahara Desert, located in northern Africa, blowing west across the Atlantic Ocean last week.
Plankton key to origin of Earth's first breathable atmosphere
Researchers studying the origin of Earth's first breathable atmosphere have zeroed in on the major role played by some very unassuming creatures: plankton.
Plankton inspires creation of stealth armour for slow release microscopic drug vehicles
(PhysOrg.com) -- The ability of some forms of plankton and bacteria to build an extra natural layer of nanoparticle-like armour has inspired chemists at the University of Warwick to devise a startlingly simple ...
Oceanic 'garbage patch' not nearly as big as portrayed in media: researchers
There is a lot of plastic trash floating in the Pacific Ocean, but claims that the "Great Garbage Patch" between California and Japan is twice the size of Texas are grossly exaggerated, according to an analysis ...
'250 billion' plastic fragments in Mediterranean
Some 250 billion microscopic pieces of plastic are floating in the Mediterranean, creating a biological hazard that reverberates up the food chain, according to research supported by green campaigners.
Study finds rising summer ocean temperatures equals fewer plankton for fish to feed on
Summer temperatures in the waters of the North Atlantic have been increasing since 1353, reducing the abundance of plankton a key source of food for cod.
Malaspina 2010, the biggest ever expedition on global change, sets sail
400 researchers from around the world are taking part in the study, which will collect 70,000 air, water and plankton samples. Over a period of seven months the oceanographic research vessels Hesperides and ...