Physicists suggest electrical networks more at risk of cascading failure than thought
Endangered lemurs' complete genomes sequenced, analyzed for conservation efforts
For the first time, the complete genomes of three separate populations of aye-ayes—a type of lemur—have been sequenced and analyzed in an effort to help guide conservation efforts. The results of the ...
Plant geneticists demonstrate new means of boosting maize yields
A team of plant geneticists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) has successfully demonstrated what it describes as a "simple hypothesis" for making significant increases in yields for the maize plant.
Study finds new way in which plants control flower production
The timing of flowering in plants is critical. It can have profound effects on flower, fruit, and seed production, and consequently agricultural yields. This process is known to depend on daylight and temperature ...
Genetic engineers create smarter toxins to help crops fight resistant pests
One of the most successful strategies in pest control is to endow crop plants with genes from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis, or Bt for short, which code for proteins that kill pests attempting to eat ...
Boron tolerance discovery for higher wheat yields
Australian scientists have identified the genes in wheat that control tolerance to a significant yield-limiting soil condition found around the globe – boron toxicity.
Infection in malaria-transmitting mosquito discovered
Researchers have found the first evidence of an intercellular bacterial infection in natural populations of two species of Anopheles mosquitoes, the major vectors of malaria in Africa. The infection, called ...
Global warming could help bolster turtle population size
(Phys.org) —Scientists studying the sex ratio of sea turtles at one of the world's largest rookeries predict global warming could help bolster population sizes.
Love or kill thy neighbor? New study into animal social behavior
A theoretical study led by the University of Exeter has shed new light on the conditions that lead to the evolution of spite or altruism in structured populations.
Population stability 'hope' in species' response to climate change
Stable population trends are a prerequisite for species' range expansion, according to new research led by scientists at the University of York.
Face-to-face: Skull study shows variation of pre-Columbian cultures in Mexico
(Phys.org) —A new analysis of the skulls of prehistoric peoples in Mexico reveals significant regional variation in the facial characteristics of indigenous populations – indicating that there were notable ...
Salamanders under threat from deadly skin-eating fungus
A new species of fungus that eats amphibians' skin has ravaged the fire salamander population in the Netherlands, bringing it close to regional extinction.
Japan scientists launch freeze-dry animal sperm bank
Japanese scientists have launched a sperm bank for endangered animals that uses freeze-drying technology they hope could one day help humans recreate animal populations on other planets, the chief researcher ...
Scientists discover that chromosomal rearrangements can be advantageous
In a pioneer study published in the latest issue of the scientific journal Nature Communications, a research team at the Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência (IGC; Portugal), led by Miguel Godinho Ferreira in col ...