News tagged with crystallinity

Materials scientists watch electrons 'melt'

(PhysOrg.com) -- When a skier rushes down a ski slope or a skater glides across an ice rink, a very thin melted layer of liquid water forms on the surface of the ice crystals, which allows for a smooth glide ...

dateNov 22, 2011 in General Physics
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Sneaking up on the glassy transition of water

Rapid cooling of ordinary water or compression of ordinary ice: either of these can transform normal H2O into an exotic substance that resembles glass in its transparency, brittleness, hardness, and luster. Unlike everyday ...

dateSep 26, 2011 in Condensed Matter
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Understanding methane's seabed escape

A shipboard expedition off Norway, to determine how methane escapes from beneath the Arctic seabed, has discovered widespread pockets of the gas and numerous channels that allow it to reach the seafloor.

dateSep 19, 2011 in Earth Sciences
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Cellulose breakdown

Ionic liquids have emerged as promising new solvents capable of disrupting the cellulose crystalline structure in a wide range of biomass feedstocks.

dateJun 24, 2011 in Materials Science
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Nanostructures improve solar cell efficiency

To make solar cells a competitive alternative to other renewable energy sources, researchers are investigating different alternatives. A step in the right direction is through new processes that change the ...

dateMay 26, 2011 in Nanomaterials
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Multiferroics could lead to low-power devices

(PhysOrg.com) -- Magnetic materials in which the north and south poles can be reversed with an electric field may be ideal candidates for low-power electronic devices, such as those used for ultra-high data storage. But finding ...

dateMay 17, 2011 in Condensed Matter
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