Record reaction cascade yields cancer drug candidate
(PhysOrg.com) -- New active substances can be produced quickly and efficiently with the help of reaction cascades. Once set in motion, these processes lead to the desired end product via a series of intermediate steps which ...
Mystery of car battery's current solved
(PhysOrg.com) -- Chemists have solved the 150 year-old mystery of what gives the lead-acid battery, found under the bonnet of most cars, its unique ability to deliver a surge of current.
Making molecular hydrogen more efficiently
(PhysOrg.com) -- When it comes to the industrial production of chemicals, often the most indispensable element is one that you can't see, smell, or even taste. It's hydrogen, the lightest element of all.
Researchers assess radioactivity released to the ocean from the Fukushima nuclear facility
With news this week of additional radioactive leaks from Fukushima nuclear power plants, the impact on the ocean of releases of radioactivity from the plants remains unclear. But a new study by U.S. and Japanese researchers ...
Chemists become molecular sculptors, synthesizing tiny, molecular traps
(PhysOrg.com) -- Using clever but elegant design, University at Buffalo chemists have synthesized tiny, molecular cages that can be used to capture and purify nanomaterials.
Supercomputer seeks way to mimic mollusk shell
One of the first tasks for Warwick's new super computer is to use its monster megabytes to analyse the natural properties of the tiny mollusc shell.
Supercooled: Water doesn't have to freeze until -55 F
(PhysOrg.com) -- We drink water, bathe in it and we are made mostly of water, yet the common substance poses major mysteries. Now, University of Utah chemists may have solved one enigma by showing how cold ...
Materials scientists watch electrons 'melt'
(PhysOrg.com) -- When a skier rushes down a ski slope or a skater glides across an ice rink, a very thin melted layer of liquid water forms on the surface of the ice crystals, which allows for a smooth glide ...
In nitrogenase - enzyme critical for life, X-ray emission cracks mystery atom
Like a shadowy character just hidden from view, a mystery atom in the middle of a complex enzyme called nitrogenase had long hindered scientists' ability to study the enzyme fully.
Scientists solve mystery of the eye
Creation of the largest human-designed protein boosts protein engineering efforts
(PhysOrg.com) -- If Guinness World Records had a category for the largest human-designed protein, then a team of Vanderbilt chemists would have just claimed it.
For new microscope images, less is more
When people email photos, they sometimes compress the images, removing redundant information and thus reducing the file size. Compression is generally thought of as something to do to data after it has been collected, but ...
Making sodium-ion batteries that are worth their salt
(PhysOrg.com) -- Although lithium-ion technology dominates headlines in battery research and development, a new element is making its presence known as a potentially powerful alternative: sodium.
UK taxi driver becomes first mummy for 3,000 years
A former British taxi driver has become the first person in the world for 3,000 years to be mummified in the same way as the pharaohs.