RIKEN

Faster cell mixing leads to larger plants

The contents of plant cells undergo continuous mixing by a process known as cytoplasmic streaming. Yet although this process was discovered more than 200 years ago, its exact purpose has remained unclear. ...

Jan 24, 2014
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Laser-induced damage in focus

The transformation of infrared light to a different wavelength, such as visible light, is important in many applications. Some of the most efficient semiconductor lasers operate in the infrared region of ...

Jan 17, 2014
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Finding meaning in gene expression 'noise'

Static models of gene regulation networks are inevitably oversimplified, indicating how one gene specifically switches certain target genes on while turning others off. However, the reality is much more dynamic ...

Jan 10, 2014
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Tracing the protein assembly line

Many newly synthesized proteins undergo a sequence of enzymatic modifications that enable them to do their jobs better. This process occurs within a series of membrane-bound structures called 'cisternae' ...

Dec 20, 2013
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A model grass gets its genomic profile

The grass species known as the purple false brome, Brachypodium distachyon, has great potential as a model plant for research due to its short generation time, small size, small genome and ease of breeding. ...

Dec 13, 2013
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