The National Science Foundation (NSF) is a U.S. Government Agency established in 1950 for the purpose of funding research and education in all non-medical fields of science and engineering. NSF is responsible for approximately 20-percent of all basic research in all colleges and universities in the USA. NSF's annual budget for 2008 exceeded $6 billion dollars. The NSF Director, Deputy Director and the 24-member National Science Board are appointed by the President of the USA. NSF receives about 40,000 proposals for funding each year and awards around 10,000 grants. NSF national facilities include national observatories, Antarctic Research Center, high-end computer centers, oceanographic research centers and offers Graduate Research Fellowships. The main headquarters in Arlington, Virginia has over 1700 employees, which includes 150 full time scientists. NSF is pursuing advanced work in Nanotechnology, the Ecology of Infectious Diseases in their Crosscutting program initiated recently.
LSST lays first stone
A new ground-based telescope promises unprecedented information about distant galaxies, nearby asteroids and even the mysterious dark energy that is accelerating the expansion of our universe.
Teaching language and cross-cultural communication with avatars and robots
Communication skills are critical in a global economy.
Research seeks to make robotic 'human patient simulators'
A young doctor leans over a patient who has been in a serious car accident and invariably must be experiencing pain. The doctor's trauma team examines the patient's pelvis and rolls her onto her side to check ...
Biomechatronics lab develops a language of touch that can be "felt" by computers and humans alike
Research engineers and students in the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Biomechatronics Lab are designing artificial limbs to be more sensational, with the emphasis on sensation.
Exploring the human side of climate change adaptation
In public policy, communities often measure their ability to respond to the effects of climate change and natural disasters in terms of traditional emergency resources—the number of sandbags available, ...
Birth during a drought correlated with poor health in baboons
The saying "what doesn't kill you makes you stronger" may not hold up to scientific scrutiny.
The 'intraterrestrials': New viruses discovered in ocean depths
The intraterrestrials, they might be called. Strange creatures live in the deep sea, but few are odder than the viruses that inhabit deep ocean methane seeps and prey on single-celled microorganisms called ...
Video: Wearable sensors to monitor triggers for asthma, and more
What if you could wear something that would alert you when pollution, such as smog, is about to take its toll on your heart or lungs? That is what's "in the air" at the National Science Foundation- (NSF) ...
Bacterial protein called UmuD may prevent antibiotic resistance
The widespread and indiscriminate use of antibiotics has prompted many bacteria to mutate, an adaptation that often renders the drugs useless. The increasing threat of resistance worries infectious disease ...
Fitness app connects exercisers to experts
Can advanced networking and next-generation applications help solve some of our nation's most pressing health problems? Can mobile devices and high-speed Internet be used to improve our health and well-being? ...
Video: Improved radar systems could save lives and money when severe weather strikes
A new generation of smaller, highly capable radar systems in the Dallas/Fort Worth area is able to track with more accuracy the location of tornadoes and other severe weather conditions, such as heavy rain ...
New viruses discovered in ocean depths
The intraterrestrials, they might be called.
Listen to the pulse of Chile's erupting Villarrica volcano
Rucapillan—house of the spirit—it's called by indigenous Chileans known as the Mapuche. And what a spirit it has, this volcano in south-central Chile that's perhaps best known as Villarrica.
Developing infrastructure for data sharing around the world
How can we support agricultural productivity around the world? How can we develop public health models that leverage social data, health data and environmental data? What are best practices to ensure the ...
Techniques to prove or disprove existence of other planets
Astronomers long have sought to find planets that can sustain life as humans know it. Four years ago, they thought they had one, possibly even two, pointing to signs that suggested that at least one rocky ...