The National Science Foundation (NSF) is a U.S. Government Agency established in 1950 for the purpose of funding research and education in all non-medical fields of science and engineering. NSF is responsible for approximately 20-percent of all basic research in all colleges and universities in the USA. NSF's annual budget for 2008 exceeded $6 billion dollars. The NSF Director, Deputy Director and the 24-member National Science Board are appointed by the President of the USA. NSF receives about 40,000 proposals for funding each year and awards around 10,000 grants. NSF national facilities include national observatories, Antarctic Research Center, high-end computer centers, oceanographic research centers and offers Graduate Research Fellowships. The main headquarters in Arlington, Virginia has over 1700 employees, which includes 150 full time scientists. NSF is pursuing advanced work in Nanotechnology, the Ecology of Infectious Diseases in their Crosscutting program initiated recently.
Collaboratively exploring virtual worlds
Today's students are accustomed to highly stimulating and interactive content, whether in the form of video games or mobile apps. As a result, they respond to a higher level of interactivity and engagement with educational ...
The wonders of bioluminescent millipedes
There's something inherently magical, even surreal, about seeing hundreds of glowing millipedes scattered across the ground of a sequoia grove on a moonless night in Sequoia National Park.
Summer fruits depend on pollinators, but where have all the bees gone?
Blackberries and blueberries. Cherries and peaches. Raspberries and apricots. These and many other summer fruits require pollination by bees.
Video: Additive manufacturing—3-D printing beyond plastic
At Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (VT), Christopher Williams heads the effort to further advance 3-D printing—known among engineers as additive manufacturing—with copper, a widely used conductor in ...
The challenge of building a better atomic clock and why it matters
Prior to the mid-18th century, it was tough to be a sailor. If your voyage required east-west travel, you couldn't set out to a specific destination and have any real hope of finding it efficiently.
Photoacoustic approach shows potential to expand bioimaging's scope
A human skull, on average, is about 0.3 inches thick, or roughly the depth of the latest smartphone. Human skin, on the other hand, is about 0.1 inches, or about three grains of salt, deep.
The truth about sharks
Danger: shark attack (or more properly, say scientists, shark bite). With sharks swimming ever closer to shore this summer—or seeming to—and crossing paths with surfers and bathers, what's going on?
When a tree falls in the forest, whats the impact on water resources?
Forest management practices such as cutting or thinning trees reduce the risk of wildfires, and enhance the overall health of the woodlands. However, they also can speed up the pace of snow melt, which in turn may increase ...
Smaller and cheaper particle accelerators?
Traditionally, particle accelerators have relied on electric fields generated by radio waves to drive electrons and other particles close to the speed of light. But in radio-frequency machines there is an upper limit on the ...
Ten things to know about thunderstorms that strike at night
Thunderstorms that strike by night are a mysterious phenomenon. Scientists are burning the midnight oil this summer in search of some answers.