Victorian fish fossil fills ancient gap

Aug 28, 2006

The oldest known fossil coelacanth has just been described by Macquarie University researchers in the international journal Biology Letters, in conjunction with colleagues in Victoria and Paris.

The coelacanth (“see-la-kanth”) is a “living fossil” fish with “proto legs” that pre-dates the dinosaurs by millions of years. It was once thought to have gone extinct with them, 65 million years ago, but was rediscovered living in the Indian Ocean in 1938.

This new coelacanth fossil was collected by Professor John Talent of the Macquarie University Centre for Ecostratigraphy and Palaeobiology from Early Devonian rocks in Victoria in the 1970s. At nearly 400 million years old, it is much older than previously known coelacanth fossils.

Coelacanths are classified, along with lungfish (including Neoceratodus forsteri, the Queensland lungfish) in the group Sarcopterygii. Fossil records of other major sarcopterygian groups, including the lungfish, extend to the beginning of the Devonian, but until now coelacanth fossils were known only from the Middle Devonian (385-390 million years ago), indicating an unfilled fossil ‘gap’.

Talent and Macquarie colleague Dr Zerina Johanson have now filled this gap, with the description of the new species Eoactinistia foreyi. Although only known from a single lower jaw bone, it preserves an intriguing mix of primitive and more derived coelacanth jaw characters. For example, a pore opening is present that is otherwise only found among substantially younger coelacanths. This new fossil hints that there is still much to be learned about the early history of the coelacanths.

Source: Macquarie University

Explore further: NOAA team reveals forgotten ghost ships off Golden Gate

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Life on Earth still favours evolution over creationism

25 minutes ago

Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution, first published in 1859, offered a bold new explanation for how animals and plants diversified and still serves as the foundation underpinning all medical and biological ...

Recommended for you

NOAA team reveals forgotten ghost ships off Golden Gate

1 hour ago

A team of NOAA researchers today confirmed the discovery just outside San Francisco's Golden Gate strait of the 1910 shipwreck SS Selja and an unidentified early steam tugboat wreck tagged the "mystery wreck." ...

Long lost Roman fort discovered in Gernsheim

2 hours ago

In the course of an educational dig in Gernsheim in the Hessian Ried, archaeologists from Frankfurt University have discovered a long lost Roman fort: A troop unit made up out of approximately 500 soldiers ...

User comments : 0