The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, Kansas State University and Yinnel Tech, Inc., of South Bend, Indiana, have won a 2005 R&D 100 Award for developing a highly efficient, low-cost radiation detector. The detector can be used for homeland security applications, nuclear medical imaging, environmental monitoring and cleanup, galactic events studies, and nuclear-weapons safeguards.
R&D Magazine gives R&D 100 Awards annually to the top 100 technological achievements of the year. Typically, these are innovations that transform basic science into useful products. The awards will be presented in Chicago on October 20.
“This award demonstrates that DOE scientists and researchers are hard at work developing the technologies of the future,” said Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman. “In the past, breakthroughs like this one have played an important role in both our economic and national security.”
Douglas McGregor of Kansas State University designed the radiation detector, called a cadmium-zinc-telluride Frisch-ring detector, and Brookhaven Lab researchers Aleksey Bolotnikov, Gomez Wright, Gabriella Carini, Giuseppe Camarda and Ralph James built the prototype using the semiconductor alloy, a polymer, and metal rings. The small, portable detector, which measures about one-half inch long by one-quarter inch wide, detects both x-rays and gamma rays with high resolution, and it can identify the specific source of radiation. Unlike most detectors of its type, which have to be chilled, this novel detector can be used at room temperature. Also, its performance is highly reliable with minimal maintenance.
“While other cadmium-zinc-telluride detectors are commercially available, they are more expensive and not as sensitive as the one we developed,” Brookhaven’s Aleksey Bolotnikov said. “The detector includes a layer of polymer and metal rings, called Frisch-rings, that act as an electrostatic shield for the sensitive crystals inside it. This shielding prevents holes — positively charged particles that are created by x-rays and gamma rays — from degrading the detector’s sensitivity.”
The detector’s innovative design, coupled with Brookhaven’s patented process for fabricating the detector’s surfaces, enables it to be versatile as well as extremely sensitive. It can be assembled into an array of detectors that can produce high-quality images of radioactive sources distributed over a wide area.
Funding for the development of the award-winning detector came from Brookhaven’s Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program and the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration. While Yinnel Tech, Inc. has marketed the detector, its design and the technology of its fabrication are available for licensing to other companies.
Source: Brookhaven National Laboratory
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