Obvious conclusions from obvious studies

Feb 02, 2010 By Sam McManis

Months of planning and hypothesizing presumably took place. Weeks of research compiled, numbers crunched, data analyzed. Days of rigorous revision to prepare for publication.

Finally, in this month's , a University of Rochester study revealed that ...

People are happier on weekends.

The study got gussied up and slapped with a fancy, syndrome-like sobriquet, "The Weekend Effect." But essentially, it's telling us that we feel better and enjoy the freedom of weekends as opposed to the soul -crushing, punch-the-clock workweek.

To which many might say, "Well, duh!"

It's no revelation to followers of 1980s "big hair" bands who headbanged to Loverboy's "Working for the Weekend." But then, lead singer Mike Reno never had hard data to back up his claim. Richard Ryan, a professor of psychology at the University of Rochester, does.

As Ryan explained in a news release, "Our findings highlight just how important free time is to an individual's well-being."

To which many might ask, "They get paid for studying that?"

Giving Ryan the benefit of the doubt, The Sacramento Bee contacted him and tactfully asked, "Well, isn't this a tad obvious?" He replied via e-mail that "we were even more interested in why" people are happier on weekends.

Short answer: They don't have to work.

Oh, and this: "We were also identifying the time course of the WEE (weekend effect), showing that it begins Friday afternoon but sadly ends Sunday afternoon. As people anticipate the next day, mood goes down."


So maybe we're being a little harsh on this one study. It's not as if it stands alone in the annals of "Duh!" research. It's simply the latest example of academic and scientific exploration that confirms what sensible people already know.

To wit:

• "People's Clothing Behavior According to External Weather and Indoor Environment," in the journal Building and Environment, 2007. Major finding: When it's cold, people wear more clothes.

• "Integrating Cues of Social Interest and Voice Pitch in Men's Preferences for Women's Voices," in Biology Letters, 2008. Major finding: Men are attracted to women who like them.

• "Characteristics Associated With Older Adolescents Who Have a Television in Their Bedrooms," in Pediatrics, 2008. Major finding: Teenagers with TVs in their room watch more TV.

• "Effects of Acute Alcohol Consumption on Ratings of Attractiveness of Facial Stimuli," in Alcohol and Alcoholism, 2008. Major finding: "Alcohol consumption increases ratings of attractiveness. ... (It) can persist up to 24 hours after consumption, but only in male participants when rating female faces."

That last one is the "beer goggles" study that garnered chuckles from scores of media outlets when it was released.

But whether studies are meant to be serious ("Eighty-five percent of headache sufferers would be happier without headaches," National Headache Foundation) or frivolous ("Smoking pot gives us the munchies," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences), somebody apparently must tackle the job of quantifying the obvious.

At least, that's one of the theories offered by Marc Abrahams, a Harvard scientist and co-founder of the magazine Annals of Improbable Research. (He's the guy who, every October, awards the Ig Nobel Prize for wacky research.)

Abrahams doesn't have any hard data, but anecdotally, he breaks down the people who do "obvious" studies thus:

• Researchers who are oblivious to the obvious.

• Researchers who seek to prove the obvious wrong.

• Researchers who need data to confirm a belief so that programs can be funded.

"The first type is the most fun for everybody else," Abrahams says from his office in Cambridge, Mass. "By everybody, I mean even the individuals who work with them. They usually find that an amusing thing."

The last type, he says, is the most politicized.

"It is usually some political fight," Abrahams says, "and nobody will do a thing about (an issue) until somebody comes up and says, 'OK, I've got numbers. It was foolish that somebody had to go to all the time and trouble to do this, but now that somebody has, we can all agree it's time to do something.' "

Abrahams' online magazine (you can read it at improbable.com) devotes a section, called "Soft Is Hard," to obvious studies. It suggests that "soft science" (sociology, psychology) lends itself to such research.

"If you're really trying to find out the way people behave or think, how do you even start?" Abrahams says. "If you're figuring out how two different kinds of rock behave, there are all kinds of things to measure and test. But if you're looking at why somebody falls in love, what on earth do you measure?"

So Abrahams is not completely scornful of the obvious.

"I'm not saying they deserve mockery," he says. "But if you're at all awake, you should already know this stuff."

Where is the research to back up that claim?

Well, there's a 2001 study by Texas Christian University researchers, published in the journal Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. It is titled: "That's Completely Obvious ... and Important: Lay Judgments of Social Psychological Findings."

Explore further: Can science eliminate extreme poverty?

4.2 /5 (11 votes)
add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Bottomless bowls are an Ig Nobel winner

Oct 12, 2007

Last week, he was featured in Time magazine and USA Today. This week, he's been accorded yet another accolade: a 2007 Ig Nobel Award. All three recognize Cornell's indefatigable Brian Wansink for his quirky ...

Study reveals complexities of female arousal

Sep 21, 2009

(PhysOrg.com) -- Challenging the idea that women's sexual motivations are tied exclusively to romantic emotions or reproduction, a new study by psychologists at The University of Texas at Austin found women's sexual decisions ...

How to ... avoid burnout

Feb 06, 2009

Burnout - a state of mental, physical and emotional exhaustion -- leaves people feeling hopeless about the future. Here are tips from therapists on staying healthy.

Recommended for you

Can science eliminate extreme poverty?

Apr 16, 2014

Science has often come to the rescue when it comes to the world's big problems, be it the Green Revolution that helped avoid mass starvation or the small pox vaccine that eradicated the disease. There is ...

Japan stem cell body splashes cash on luxury furniture

Apr 14, 2014

A publicly-funded research institute in Japan, already embattled after accusing one of its own stem cell scientists of faking data, has spent tens of thousands of dollars on designer Italian furniture, reportedly to use up ...

User comments : 1

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

5 / 5 (1) Feb 02, 2010
Did you hear the one about the UC Berkeley "researchers" who were shocked and surprised to find pyrethroids (a common ingredient in ant sprays) in extremely low levels (2 parts per trillion) in rivers and streams close to homes and farms? You can read it about it on Physorg and waste a few more precious moments of your life that you will never get back.

More news stories

Newlyweds, be careful what you wish for

A statistical analysis of the gift "fulfillments" at several hundred online wedding gift registries suggests that wedding guests are caught between a rock and a hard place when it comes to buying an appropriate gift for the ...

Can new understanding avert tragedy?

As a boy growing up in Syracuse, NY, Sol Hsiang ran an experiment for a school project testing whether plants grow better sprinkled with water vs orange juice. Today, 20 years later, he applies complex statistical ...

Roman dig 'transforms understanding' of ancient port

(Phys.org) —Researchers from the universities of Cambridge and Southampton have discovered a new section of the boundary wall of the ancient Roman port of Ostia, proving the city was much larger than previously ...

Crowd-sourcing Britain's Bronze Age

A new joint project by the British Museum and the UCL Institute of Archaeology is seeking online contributions from members of the public to enhance a major British Bronze Age archive and artefact collection.

Better thermal-imaging lens from waste sulfur

Sulfur left over from refining fossil fuels can be transformed into cheap, lightweight, plastic lenses for infrared devices, including night-vision goggles, a University of Arizona-led international team ...

Hackathon team's GoogolPlex gives Siri extra powers

(Phys.org) —Four freshmen at the University of Pennsylvania have taken Apple's personal assistant Siri to behave as a graduate-level executive assistant which, when asked, is capable of adjusting the temperature ...