First Jesus-era house discovered in Nazareth

Dec 21, 2009 By DIAA HADID , Associated Press Writer
Reverend Jack Karam, left, stands near Israel's Antiquities Authority workers at the excavation site of the remains of the first dwelling in Nazareth, Israel that can be dated back to the time of Jesus, Monday, Dec. 21, 2009. Archaeologist Yardena Alexandre, unseen, of the Israel Antiquities Authority says remains of a wall, a hideout and a cistern were found after builders dug up an old convent courtyard in the northern Israeli city. (AP Photos/Dan Balilty)

(AP) -- Just in time for Christmas, archaeologists on Monday unveiled what may have been the home of one of Jesus' childhood neighbors. The humble dwelling is the first dating to the era of Jesus to be discovered in Nazareth, then a hamlet of around 50 impoverished Jewish families where Jesus spent his boyhood.

Archaeologists and present-day residents of Nazareth imagined Jesus as a youngster, playing with other children in the isolated village, not far from the spot where the Archangel Gabriel revealed to Mary that she would give birth to the boy.

Today the ornate Basilica of the Annunciation marks that spot, and Nazareth is the largest Arab city in northern , with about 65,000 residents. Muslims now outnumber Christians two to one in the noisy, crowded city.

The archaeological find shows how different it was 2000 years ago: There were no Christians or Muslims, the stood in Jerusalem and tiny Nazareth stood near a battleground between Roman rulers and Jewish guerrillas.

The Jews of Nazareth dug camouflaged grottos to hide from Roman invaders, said archaeologist Yardena Alexandre, excavations director at the Israel Antiquities Authority. But the hamlet was so far off the beaten path that the caves were apparently not needed, she said.

Based on clay and chalk shards found at the site, the dwelling appeared to house a "simple Jewish family," Alexandre added, as workers carefully chipped away at mud with small pickaxes to reveal stone walls.

"This may well have been a place that Jesus and his contemporaries were familiar with," Alexandre said. A young Jesus may have played around the house with his cousins and friends. "It's a logical suggestion."

The discovery so close to Christmas pleased local Christians.

"They say if the people do not speak, the stones will speak," said the Rev. Jack Karam of the nearby basilica.

Archaeologist Stephen Pfann, president of the University of The Holy Land, noted: "It's the only witness that we have from that area that shows us what the walls and floors were like inside Nazareth in the first century." Pfann was not involved in the dig.

Alexandre said workers uncovered the first signs of the dwelling last summer, but it became clear only this month that it was a structure from the days of Jesus.

Alexandre's team found remains of a wall, a hideout, a courtyard and a water system that appeared to collect water from the roof and supply it to the home. The discovery was made when builders dug up the courtyard of a former convent to make room for a new Christian center, just yards from the Basilica.

It is not clear how big the dwelling is. Alexandre's team has uncovered about 900 square feet of the house, but it may have been for an extended family and could be much larger, she said.

Archaeologists also found a camouflaged entry way into a grotto, which Alexandre believes was used by Jews to hide from Roman soldiers who were battling Jewish rebels for control of the area.

The grotto could have hidden around six people for a few hours, she said.

However, Roman soldiers did not end up battling Nazareth's Jews because the hamlet had little strategic value. The Roman army was more interested in larger towns and strategic hilltop communities, she said.

Alexandre said similar camouflaged grottos were found in other ancient Jewish communities of the lower Galilee, such as the nearby biblical village of Cana, which did witness battles between Jews and Romans.

Archaeologists also found clay and chalk vessels likely used by Galilean Jews of the time. The scientists concluded a Jewish family lived there because of the chalk, which Jews used to ensure the ritual purity of the food and water kept inside the vessels.

The shards also date back to the time of Jesus, which includes the late Hellenic, early Roman period that ranges from around 100 B.C. to the first century, Alexandre said. The determination was made by comparing the findings to shards and remains typical of that period found in other parts of the Galilee, she said.

The absence of any remains of glass vessels or imported products suggested the people who lived in the dwelling were simple, but Alexandre said the remains did not indicate whether they were traders or farmers.

The only other artifacts from the time of Jesus found in the Nazareth area are ancient burial caves that provided a rough idea of the village's population at the time, Alexandre said.

Work is now taking place to clear newer ruins built above the dwelling, which will be preserved. The dwelling will become part of a new international Christian center being built close to the site and funded by a French Roman Catholic group, said Marc Hodara of the Chemin Neuf Community overseeing construction.

Alexandre said limited space and population density makes it unlikely that can carry out further excavations in the area, leaving this dwelling to tell the story of what Jesus' boyhood home may have looked like.

The discovery at "this time, this period, is very interesting, especially as a Christian," Karam said. "For me it is a great gift."

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otto1923
5 / 5 (2) Dec 21, 2009
Poop
the spot where the Archangel Gabriel revealed to Mary that she would give birth to the boy
"Yeah see, it says so right here on this little shrine I bought in the gift shop, only cost me $42.95..." How about 'the spot where it is claimed as stated in the bible that the archangel' etc. Fizzork- you dissappointt me.
Arikin
not rated yet Dec 21, 2009
Makes you realize how quickly towns, cultures, people, etc get 'lost' in time. A short 2000 years or less for a small town to disappear and built on top of.
Birger
5 / 5 (1) Dec 22, 2009
BTW, the historical Jesus was probably born in Nazareth as well. The Bible passage about Bethlehem was written to shoehorne the birthplace into existing prophesies about a messiah coming from Bethlehem.
If you want to see where Jesus worked together with his father, see the ruins of the royal capitol a few miles away, a town that the king had built during the time Jesus was young. He and Joseph would have found a lot of work there during the construction.
otto1923
not rated yet Dec 22, 2009
Makes you realize how quickly towns, cultures, people, etc get 'lost' in time.
Yeah, as well as the Truth. And when you start to uncover the real past you find how little is actually there- no Moses, no Joshua, no David and Solomons kingdoms, no exodus, no diaspora, ashkenazi are Khazar and Palestinians are the original jews, etc. No angels, no demons, no djinn, no Prophets/Profits who didnt already know the Plan. In a world of Shepherds and their flocks, nothing is real because NOTHING can be left to chance; nothing can be allowed to happen by itself including the unfettered and ruinous course of human development. Obviously.

-Open Qin's Tomb NOW!! All the answers are There-
Arikin
5 / 5 (1) Dec 23, 2009
Qin's Tomb is being opened with all the terra-cotta warriors. Lots of real facts there yes... But what truths are you talking about?

Ying Zheng did a lot of standardization and infra-structure building but he did it by brutal force. Those warriors are probably there to protect him from reprisal and for his own huge pride. Good outcome but bad means to get there.
otto1923
2.5 / 5 (2) Dec 27, 2009
Qins tomb itself- the big mound with supposed lakes of mercury and a model of the world- is not going to be opened for another 100 years at least. Why not? Qin did in the east what alexander did in the west, at about the same time. Some believe there is a connection. I believe the adolescent alexander was schooled by aristotle on the proper way to establish order in the midst of chaos. He was not alone- Artabasus, who would become Darius III's closest advisor, was in Macedon at the same time, as were mercenary greek generals purportedly fighting for the persians. All were taught by Aristotle. All learned that the best way to forge an empire is to command BOTH sides of the conflict. This would explain alexanders miraculous victories and his alleged military genius at age 23.

There is no record of this in the west other than circumstance and logic. But if east and west were indeed connected and world conquest was the goal, then there may be direct evidence for it in Qins tomb.