IAEA removes dangerous radioactive sources from Lebanon

Sep 11, 2009

An IAEA mission to get powerful radioactive sources out of Lebanon was completed 30 August 2009, after a plane carrying the high-activity cargo safely touched down in Russia, where the sources are now securely and safely stored.

They comprised 36 Cobalt-60 sources, with a combined activity of 3.500 curies. A single source is powerful enough to kill a person within minutes, if directly exposed.

Mr. Robin Heard, an IAEA radioactive source specialist, oversaw the mission.

"Given the political situation in the Middle East and particularly in Lebanon we saw this source as vulnerable to malicious acts. If it was stolen it could cause a lot of damage to people," Mr. Heard said.

The Cobalt-60 sources were from an irradiator that was once used for an agricultural project. But that was 10 years ago. The project ceased, and the staff that had the knowledge to properly look after the had left the organization.

In support of the IAEA activities in nuclear security, in 2005, the Council of the European Union decided to provide funds of € 3.914 million to the IAEA´s Nuclear Security Fund. This paves the way to securing high radioactive sources like those in Lebanon.

"The challenges to this project were all security related," Mr. Heard said. "Just after we went on our first fact finding mission to Lebanon in 2006, the Israelis bombed the airport, so there was no way we could fly the sources out at that time. So there was a long delay while we waited for things to normalise in Lebanon," he said.

But their perseverance paid off, working closely with the Lebanese Atomic Energy Commission. "Having some Cobalt-60 sources for the research irradiator in the agriculture centre not secure and not used, posed some threat, actually a lot of threat on the public, on Lebanon. So the IAEA experts, with the acceptance of the Lebanese authorities agreed that they be removed... It was a very good thing for Lebanon and for nuclear security in the world," Ms. Muzna Assi, Section Head, Radioactive Waste Management and Safe Transport of Radioactive Sources at the Commission said.

The job involved extracting the sources from the irradiator and moving them to special transport containers. They were then flown to Russia on an aeroplane hired specifically for the job.

Source: International Atomic Energy Agency

Explore further: The future of global agriculture may include new land, fewer harvests

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Concerned Scientists criticize nuke plant

Aug 01, 2007

The Union of Concerned Scientists is upset over U.S. plans to build a plutonium processing plant without consulting the International Atomic Energy Agency.

Nations Sign Nuclear Fusion Reactor Pact

Nov 21, 2006

Today, Ministers from the seven Parties of the international nuclear fusion project ITER (China, European Union, India, Japan, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation and the United States of America) ...

Mental disorders and exposure to war in Lebanon

Apr 01, 2008

In the first study in the Arab world to document mental illness and treatment on a national level, researchers from Lebanon have described the prevalence of mental disorders and their relation to exposure to war.

Screw worm outbreak in Yemen

May 06, 2008

An outbreak of the insidious ´screw worm´ fly in Yemen, is threatening livelihoods, in a country where rearing livestock is a traditional way of life. In recent weeks, a Ministerial delegation was at the IAEA in Vienna, ...

Recommended for you

Coral growth rate plummets in 30-year comparison

5 hours ago

A team of researchers working on a Carnegie expedition in Australia's Great Barrier Reef has documented that coral growth rates have plummeted 40% since the mid-1970s. The scientists suggest that ocean acidification ...

Environmentalists and industry duke it out over plastic bags

7 hours ago

Campaigns against disposable plastic shopping bags and their environmental impact recently scored a major win. In August, California lawmakers passed the first statewide ban on the bags, and Governor Jerry Brown is expected ...

Global change: Trees continue to grow at a faster rate

8 hours ago

Trees have been growing significantly faster since the 1960s. The typical development phases of trees and stands have barely changed, but they have accelerated—by as much as 70 percent. This was the outcome ...

User comments : 0