'Copernicium' proposed as name for newly discovered element 112

Jul 14, 2009

In honor of scientist and astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543), the discovering team around Professor Sigurd Hofmann suggested the name "copernicium" with the element symbol "Cp" for the new element 112, discovered at the GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung (Center for Heavy Ion Research) in Darmstadt, Germany.

Copernicus discovered that the Earth orbits the Sun paving the way for our modern view of the world. Thirteen years ago, 112 was discovered by an international team of scientists at the GSI accelerator facility. A few weeks ago, the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, officially confirmed their discovery. In around six months, IUPAC will officially endorse the new element's name. This period is set to allow the scientific community to discuss the suggested name "copernicium" before the IUPAC naming.

"After IUPAC officially recognized our discovery, we - that is all scientists involved in the discovery - agreed on proposing the name "copernicium" for the new element 112. We would like to honor an outstanding scientist, who changed our view of the world", says Sigurd Hofmann, head of the discovering team.

Copernicus was born 1473 in Torun; he died 1543 in Frombork, Poland. Working in the field of astronomy, he realized that the planets circle the Sun. His discovery refuted the then accepted belief that the Earth was the center of the universe. His finding was pivotal for the discovery of the , which is responsible for the motion of the planets. It also led to the conclusion that the stars are incredibly far away and the universe inconceivably large, as the size and position of the stars does not change even though the Earth is moving. Furthermore, the new world view inspired by Copernicus had an impact on the human self-concept in theology and philosophy: humankind could no longer be seen as the center of the world.

With its planets revolving around the Sun on different orbits, the solar system is also a model for other physical systems. The structure of an atom is like a microcosm: its electrons orbit the atomic nucleus like the planets orbit the Sun. Exactly 112 electrons circle the atomic nucleus in an atom of the new element "copernicium".

Element 112 is the heaviest element in the periodic table, 277 times heavier than hydrogen. It is produced by a nuclear fusion, when bombarding zinc ions onto a lead target. As the element already decays after a split second, its existence can only be proved with the help of extremely fast and sensitive analysis methods. Twenty-one scientists from Germany, Finland, Russia and Slovakia have been involved in the experiments that led to the discovery of element 112.

Since 1981, GSI accelerator experiments have yielded the discovery of six chemical elements, which carry the atomic numbers 107 to 112. The discovering teams at GSI already named five of them: element 107 is called bohrium, element 108 hassium, element 109 meitnerium, element 110 darmstadtium, and element 111 is named roentgenium.

Source: Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres (news : web)

Explore further: First in-situ images of void collapse in explosives

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

A new chemical element in the periodic table

Jun 10, 2009

The element 112, discovered at the Centre for Heavy Ion Research (GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung) in Darmstadt, has been officially recognized as a new element by the International Union of Pure and Applied ...

Two super heavy elements discovered

Jan 31, 2006

A Swiss research group has participated in the discovery of new chemical elements. The elements have the numbers 113 and 115 and were discovered by a combination of physical and chemical techniques in the Russian nuclear ...

New Single-Element Compound Discovered

Jan 29, 2009

(PhysOrg.com) -- Florida International University researchers have discovered a new single-element compound, a breakthrough that could rewrite chemistry books.

Super-heavy nuclei take shape in 'extreme' new theories

Feb 17, 2005

Advanced computational methods and supporting experiments, including work performed at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, are giving scientists a better understanding of the nature and ...

Recommended for you

First in-situ images of void collapse in explosives

Jul 25, 2014

While creating the first-ever images of explosives using an x-ray free electron laser in California, Los Alamos researchers and collaborators demonstrated a crucial diagnostic for studying how voids affect ...

New approach to form non-equilibrium structures

Jul 24, 2014

Although most natural and synthetic processes prefer to settle into equilibrium—a state of unchanging balance without potential or energy—it is within the realm of non-equilibrium conditions where new possibilities lie. ...

Nike krypton laser achieves spot in Guinness World Records

Jul 24, 2014

A set of experiments conducted on the Nike krypton fluoride (KrF) laser at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) nearly five years ago has, at long last, earned the coveted Guinness World Records title for achieving "Highest ...

User comments : 5

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

1 / 5 (3) Jul 14, 2009
Although this is of academic interest, the extremely rapid decay means these new "elements" are unlikely to be of any value in a practical sense. Their discovery is good for publishing new scientific papers, however, helping the scientists involved to survive in the "publish or perish" world of academia. "Yawn"
5 / 5 (1) Jul 15, 2009
The practical value will of course be in the science of nuclear physics. And we all know how little "practical sense" energy from nuclear reactions has made to both science and society. "Makes no sense to me"-bots are everywhere. "Yawn"
not rated yet Jul 15, 2009
Is there some criteria which defines the minimal half-life of the result of particle collision necessary to be accepted as a new element? Surely at the instantaneous moment of collision, any two particles could be assumed to be 'one new element'. I guess there might be a need to define how 'long' is 'long enough'.. .Otherwise, our periodic tables will come to encircle entire school buildings !
1 / 5 (1) Jul 15, 2009

This is an important discovery.

With kind regards,
Oliver K. Manuel
not rated yet Jul 18, 2009
Sorry to be a quibbler, but of course Copernicus did not "discover" that the Earth orbits the Sun. Heliocentric theories had been advanced for at least two thousand years before Copernicus - not that that takes anything away from his true achievement.