Global warming aided by drought, deforestation link

Dec 08, 2008

In the rainforests of equatorial Asia, a link between drought and deforestation is fueling global warming, finds an international study that includes a UC Irvine scientist.

The study, analyzing six years of climate and fire observations from satellites, shows that in dry years, the practice of using fire to clear forests and remove organic soil increases substantially, releasing huge amounts of climate-warming carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

In 2006, the climate on the fast-developing islands of Borneo and Sumatra and in New Guinea and other parts of equatorial Asia was three times drier than in 2000, but carbon emissions from deforestation were 30 times greater – exceeding emissions from fossil fuel burning.

"Land managers respond to the drought by using fire to clear more land. In dry years, they burn deeper into the forest, which in turn releases more carbon dioxide," said James Randerson, climate scientist at UCI and co-author of the study, published online the week of Dec. 8 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

The findings, Randerson says, illustrate why limits on deforestation should be a critical part of future climate agreements. Global warming modelers typically consider climate and land use separately when assessing how changes will affect greenhouse gas emissions.

The results also indicate that forecasting drought may be important when countries in this region allocate resources to combat illegally set fires and clearing.

"The link between drought and deforestation is very sensitive," Randerson said. "If the climate warms and there are more droughts, it potentially makes the forest and its stored carbon more vulnerable."

Equatorial Asia is a hot spot for biodiversity but is undergoing widespread changes. Its global markets are growing, as is large-scale agricultural business. Forests and peatlands in the region store tremendous amounts of carbon, keeping it out of the atmosphere where it can turn into carbon dioxide and create warming.

The climate in equatorial Asia changes substantially from year to year and is linked with El Nino. Dry years occurred in 2002 and 2006; wet years in 2000 and 2005.

In a dry climate, fires are easier to set and burn more deeply into organic soil. "When there is a lot of rainfall, fires don't burn as well, and it is more challenging to remove debris from areas that are being converted to agriculture," said Randerson, associate professor of Earth system science.

Randerson and his colleagues used several kinds of satellite data to develop and refine their emission estimates. First, they used satellite images of fire areas and additional information about carbon pools to estimate emissions from the region. Next, they sharpened their estimate using measurements of atmospheric carbon monoxide levels, which can be a strong signal of fire activity. In a final step, they used both carbon monoxide and satellite data to determine total carbon emissions.

"Deforestation and carbon emissions are substantial and important contributors to the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere," Randerson said. "We should not neglect this flux in developing comprehensive approaches for stabilizing climate."

Source: University of California - Irvine

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User comments : 7

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albert
1.7 / 5 (6) Dec 08, 2008
Hydrogen powered car is now available. Why aren't people talking about it on the media? This incredible auto gets 80 kilometers on one litre...OF WATER! Check this out and pass it around: http://uk.reuters...Id=84561 This invention, implemented globally, would reduce carbon footprint big time.
Quantum_Conundrum
4 / 5 (8) Dec 08, 2008
Hydrogen powered car is now available. Why aren't people talking about it on the media? This incredible auto gets 80 kilometers on one litre...OF WATER! Check this out and pass it around: http://uk.reuters...Id=84561 This invention, implemented globally, would reduce carbon footprint big time.


Entropy and the second law of thermodynamics.

Hydrogen power is, by definition, dirtier than existing battery technology, or even existing fossil fuel technology. This is because there is "hidden" pollution that your tree hugging friends forget to tell you about.
morpheus2012
2.7 / 5 (7) Dec 09, 2008
amazing how this world propaganda hamers

the news feed sveryday becouse those who run the scam are those who own the media

The Truth about the Global Warming watch now

http://www.youtub...PV01uyRs
Velanarris
5 / 5 (4) Dec 09, 2008
Hydrogen powered car is now available. Why aren't people talking about it on the media? This incredible auto gets 80 kilometers on one litre...OF WATER! Check this out and pass it around: http://uk.reuters...Id=84561 This invention, implemented globally, would reduce carbon footprint big time.
That's false, production of said vehicle requires multiple rare earth metals which are harvested using the filthiest least ecologically friendly methods.
deatopmg
3 / 5 (4) Dec 09, 2008
"Global warming aided by drought, deforestation"
should read: GLOBAL WARMING AIDED BY TOO MANY PEOPLE, drought, deforestation a by-product
Long term solution: EDUCATE THE WOMEN
lengould100
1.8 / 5 (5) Dec 09, 2008
Hey, Morpheus:

Owen Lomas, head of environmental law at City firm Allen & Overy, said: "If you look at the extent to which certain major companies in the US are accused of having funded disinformation to cast doubt on the link between man-made emissions and global warming, that could open the way to litigation."

http://www.guardi...flooding

'Course you don't sound like much of a world traveller, so probably not too much to worry about provided your disinformation can keep your locals in line....
Velanarris
4 / 5 (4) Dec 09, 2008
Hey, Morpheus:

Owen Lomas, head of environmental law at City firm Allen & Overy, said: "If you look at the extent to which certain major companies in the US are accused of having funded disinformation to cast doubt on the link between man-made emissions and global warming, that could open the way to litigation."

http://www.guardi...flooding

'Course you don't sound like much of a world traveller, so probably not too much to worry about provided your disinformation can keep your locals in line....
I think an environmental lawyer would have a deep seated, read: financial, interest in the green movement continuing to create more laws that he can litigate.

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