New gene that helps plants beat the heat

Oct 07, 2008

Michigan State University plant scientists have discovered another piece of the genetic puzzle that controls how plants respond to high temperatures. That may allow plant breeders to create new varieties of crops that flourish in warmer, drier climates.

The MSU researchers found that the gene bZIP28 helps regulate heat stress response in Arabidopsis thaliana, a member of the mustard family used as a model plant for genetic studies. This is the first time bZIP28 has been shown to play a role heat tolerance. The research is published in the Oct. 6 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

"We also found that bZIP28 was responding to signals from the endoplasmic reticulum, which is the first time the ER has been shown to be involved with the response to heat," said Robert Larkin, MSU assistant professor of biochemistry and molecular biology and corresponding author of the paper. "We're finding that heat tolerance is a more complex process than was first thought."

Previous research has shown that the nucleus, the "brain" of the cell, and cytosol, the fluid inside cells, play a role in how plants respond to heat. The endoplasmic reticulum, a membrane in the cell that consists of small tubes and sac-like structures, is mainly responsible for packaging and storing proteins in the cell.

According to Christoph Benning, MSU professor of biochemistry and molecular biology and a member of the research team, the scientists were looking for genes that turn other genes on and off and are tied to cell membranes. These membrane-tethered gene switches are seen in animals but hadn't been studied in great detail in plants.

"The bZIP28 protein is anchored in the endoplasmic reticulum, away from its place of action," Benning explained. "But when the plant is stressed by heat, one end of bZIP28 is cut off and moves into the nucleus of the cell where it can turn on other genes to control the heat response. Understanding how the whole mechanism works will be the subject of more research."

Plants with an inactive bZIP28 gene die as soon as temperatures reach a certain level.

Source: Michigan State University

Explore further: How an RNA gene silences a whole chromosome

Related Stories

Recommended for you

How an RNA gene silences a whole chromosome

1 hour ago

Researchers at Caltech have discovered how an abundant class of RNA genes, called long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs, pronounced link RNAs) can regulate key genes. By studying an important lncRNA, called Xist, ...

Single cells seen in unprecedented detail

3 hours ago

Researchers have developed a large-scale sequencing technique called Genome and Transcriptome Sequencing (G&T-seq) that reveals, simultaneously, the unique genome sequence of a single cell and the activity ...

Conifer study illustrates twists of evolution

3 hours ago

A new study offers not only a sweeping analysis of how pollination has evolved among conifers but also an illustration of how evolution—far from being a straight-ahead march of progress—sometimes allows ...

Bumblebees use nicotine to fight off parasites

3 hours ago

Researchers from Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) and Royal Holloway, University of London (RHUL), gave bumblebees the option to choose between a sugar solution with nicotine in it and one without. ...

User comments : 3

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

bmerc
4 / 5 (1) Oct 07, 2008
So the whining from the environmentalists about how crops are going to fail can stop since science will be able to now solve plants tolerating higher temperatures. One would think that the shrill cries from them would die down just a little with this good news but I know that isn't so.
Soylent
4 / 5 (1) Oct 07, 2008
One would think that the shrill cries from them would die down just a little with this good news but I know that isn't so.


Really? The response I expect from Earth first and that kind of "environmentalist"(anti-humanist, really) is a redoubled effort to stick fingers into their ears and chant "Monsanto is evil!", "frankenfood is an attrocity against the Earth mother" etc.
Sirussinder
2.5 / 5 (2) Oct 07, 2008

Shhh...Don't tell Al Gore and his enviro-hippies about this...The genius was given a Nobel Prize for the end of the world fiction video he apparently slapped together a few years ago....this news would make the Nobel awarding process smell bad.

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.