MESSENGER Reveals Mercury in New Detail

Jan 16, 2008
MESSENGER Reveals Mercury in New Detail
Credit: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington

As MESSENGER approached Mercury on January 14, 2008, the spacecraft’s Narrow-Angle Camera on the Mercury Dual Imaging System (MDIS) instrument captured this view of the planet’s rugged, cratered landscape illuminated obliquely by the Sun.

The large, shadow-filled, double ringed crater to the upper right was glimpsed by Mariner 10 more than three decades ago and named Vivaldi, after the Italian composer. Its outer ring has a diameter of about 200 kilometers (about 125 miles).

MESSENGER’s modern camera has revealed detail that was not well seen by Mariner 10, including the broad ancient depression overlapped by the lower-left part of the Vivaldi crater. The MESSENGER science team is in the process of evaluating later images snapped from even closer range showing features on the side of Mercury never seen by Mariner 10.

It is already clear that MESSENGER’s superior camera will tell us much that could not be resolved even on the side of Mercury viewed by Mariner’s vidicon camera in the mid-1970s.

This MESSENGER image was taken from a distance of about18,000 kilometers (11,000 miles), about 56 minutes before the spacecraft's closest encounter with Mercury. It shows a region roughly 500 kilometers (300 miles) across, and craters as small as 1 kilometer (0.6 mile) can be seen in this image.

Source: JHU/APL

Explore further: Contamination of impacted meteorites can happen quickly

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Watch the "blood moon" eclipse from Mercury (w/ Video)

Oct 13, 2014

Yes, it's another time-lapse of the October 8 lunar eclipse that was observed by skywatchers across half the Earth… except that these images weren't captured from Earth at all; this was the view from Mercury!

MESSENGER Surpasses 200,000 Orbital Images of Mercury

Feb 06, 2014

MESSENGER has now returned more than 200,000 images acquired from orbit about Mercury. The 1996 proposal for the mission promised a return of at least 1,000 images says Robert Gold, MESSENGER's Science Payload ...

Image: Sunlit side of the planet Mercury

Oct 29, 2013

Another day, another beautiful view of Mercury's horizon. In this scene, which was acquired looking from the shadows toward the sunlit side of the planet, a 120-km (75 mi.) impact crater stands out near the ...

NASA's MESSENGER spacecraft's 10 years in space

Aug 05, 2014

Ten years ago, on August 3, 2004, NASA's MESSENGER (MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging) spacecraft blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida, for a risky mission that would take ...

High-resolution image of Mercury acquired

May 16, 2014

Are you ready for a good close look at Mercury? At an incredible 5 meters per pixel, this is one of the highest-resolution images of Mercury's surface ever captured. It was acquired on March 15 with the MESSENGER ...

Recommended for you

NASA considers possibilities for manned mission to Venus

58 minutes ago

(Phys.org) —NASA's Systems Analysis and Concepts Directorate has issued a report outlining a possible way for humans to visit Venus, rather than Mars—by hovering in the atmosphere instead of landing on ...

Preparing for an asteroid strike

2 hours ago

ESA and national disaster response offices recently rehearsed how to react if a threatening space rock is ever discovered to be on a collision course with Earth.

User comments : 0

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.