Pollution costs India $80 bn a year: World Bank

Jul 17, 2013
A factory chimney belches smoke in a residential area as haze casts a blanket over Bangalore, southern India on December 11, 2009. Pollution and other environmental degradation costs India $80 billion a year, nearly six percent of gross domestic product, the World Bank said in a report released on Wednesday.

Pollution and other environmental degradation costs India $80 billion a year, nearly six percent of gross domestic product, the World Bank said in a report released on Wednesday.

The report, requested by the national government, points to air pollution and contaminated water supplies as some of the main environmental problems facing India.

The study, which assesses the impact of environmental damage in India, also said that air pollution and contaminated water could be responsible for large numbers of in the country.

"About 23 percent of and 2.5 percent of all adult deaths in the country can be attributed to ," Muthukumara S. Mani, a senior economist at the World Bank, said at the launch of the report in New Delhi.

The report cited a recent survey of 132 countries which ranked India 126th for environmental performance and last for air pollution, even worse than neighbouring China, due to its power stations, , industry and other factors.

"The rankings show that India's stellar economic record during the last decade is not reflected in its environmental performance," Mani said, adding the government needed to focus on and greener growth options.

"India needs to put a value to its natural resources and ecosystem services for an environmentally sustainable future," he said.

Reducing harmful carbon emissions was possible without a negative impact on economic growth, the report stated.

"India can reduce its emissions at very little cost to the GDP by switching to , even this loss gets offset by the tangible health benefits," Mani said.

The World Bank study comes on the back of the devastating flash floods in the northern Himalayan state of Uttarakhand which environmentalists have blamed on unregulated development and deforestation in the area.

Nearly 6,000 people are believed to have died in the disaster triggered by heavy early monsoon rains that lashed the region last month.

Explore further: New water balance calculation for the Dead Sea

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

China seen facing uphill struggle against pollution

Jun 17, 2013

China's newly announced measures to combat pollution by slashing emissions from major polluting industries and holding local officials responsible could take 18 years to bring air quality within acceptable standards, analysts ...

India's air the worst, says annual study

Feb 02, 2012

India has the worst air quality in the world, poorer even than its neighbour China, according to an annual survey based at Yale and Columbia universities in the United States.

Urban Indians 'growing concerned about pollution'

Jun 03, 2013

India's cities are becoming more polluted and unhealthy, according to a new survey published Monday showing growing concern about the impact of high economic growth on the environment.

Recommended for you

The geography of the global electronic waste burden

3 hours ago

As local and national governments struggle to deal with ever-growing piles of electronic waste (or "e-waste"), scientists are now refining the picture of just how much there is and where it really ends up. Published in the ...

Eco-pottery product from water treatment sludge

4 hours ago

Sludge is a by-product of water treatment. Sludge is produced during the clarification and filtration process in the water treatment system. It is also produced from the accumulated solids removed from sedimentation ...

Agricultural trade appears unaffected by BC carbon tax

4 hours ago

British Columbia's carbon tax does not appear to have had a measurable impact on international agricultural trade, despite concerns it would greatly reduce the BC industry's competitiveness, according to new analysis commissioned ...

User comments : 1

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

Neinsense99
2.3 / 5 (6) Jul 17, 2013
Does India want to be a millionaire? (How many will get the movie reference?)