Saturn's little wavemaking moon

April 25, 2013 by Jason Major
Daphnis’ gravity disturbs the edges of the Keeler Gap as it travels along. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute

Captured on January 15, this narrow-angle Cassini image shows an outer portion of Saturn's A ring on the left and the ropy F ring crossing on the right. The thin black line near the A ring's bright edge is the Keeler Gap, a 22-mile-wide space cleared by the passage of Daphnis, a shepherd moon barely 5 miles (about 7.5 km) across. As it travels around Saturn within the gap its gravity perturbs the fine icy particles within the rings, sending up rippling waves both before and behind it—visible here near the upper center.

From 's distance of 870,000 miles (1.4 million km) Daphnis itself is just barely visible as a single pixel within the Gap—can you see it?

Highlighting Daphnis inside the Keeler Gap. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute

While lacking the murky mystery of Titan's atmosphere, Enceladus' dramatic jets and the tortured and cratered surfaces found on Dione, Rhea, and many of Saturn's larger icy moons, little Daphnis has always fascinated me because of the scalloped waves it kicks up within Saturn's rings. Eventually these waves settle back down, but at their highest they can extend a mile or two above and below the !

This effect was most pronounced during Saturn's spring in August 2009 when sunlight was striking the rings edge-on, creating strong shadows from any areas of relief.

Saturn’s little wavemaking moon
Daphnis seen by Cassini in June 2010. Credit: NASA/JPL/SSI

Imagine the impressive view you'd have if you were nearby, positioned just above the rings as Daphnis approached and hurtled past, the rings rising up in mile-high peaks from the moon's gravity before smoothing out again. Incredible!

Like its larger shepherd moon sister , Daphnis may be little but still has a big effect on the icy stuff that makes up Saturn's iconic rings.

Daphnis seen by Cassini in June 2010. Credit: NASA/JPL/SSI

And for lots more views of Daphnis click here (but watch out, it may just become your favorite moon too!)

Explore further: Image: Rings around a crescent

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