See something? Tell the teacher

Nov 23, 2010

(PhysOrg.com) -- Many school districts are pushing principals to spend more time in classrooms observing and evaluating teachers but few are using the information they gather to improve education.

“A lot of time is invested in gathering data, but the information is rarely shared with the people who need to see it – the ,” said Marsha Ing, assistant professor of at the University of California, Riverside’s Graduate School of Education.

Instead of storing mountains of data on a database or the top of someone’s desk, principals and district administrators need to facilitate discussions with teachers and give them the resources they need to be more effective in the classroom.

An article in the November issue of “The School Administrator” written by Ing and a colleague, Kenneth Montgomery, an assistant principal at Capuchino High School in San Bruno, drew an analogy between education and baseball, where so much time is spent analyzing data such as home runs, RBI’s and earned-run averages that no one is watching the game.

“The key part about classroom observations is to use the information to change instruction,” said Ing, whose research involves measurement and assessment of student learning.

More stringent teacher evaluation methods, including classroom observations, are an integral part of President Obama’s Race to the Top initiative that encouraged states to compete for a portion of $4 billion in federal stimulus funding to improve educational opportunities. In a Nov. 20 column in the New York Times, Thomas Friedman called education “The epicenter of national security.”

A growing number of school districts use value-added test scores to evaluate teachers. Value-added scores, highlighted in a recent series by the Los Angeles Times, involves judging teachers’ performance based on how much improvement individual students make on a set of standardized tests over the course of a year.

Test scores are an attractive tool for evaluation because they are easy, efficient and inexpensive to collect.

“You can administer a test to all students and create a test score you think is an indication of what the students know and are able to do,” Ing said. “It’s a great way to get a broad, general sense of what’s going on for all students but this isn’t the entire story.”

The problem is a lot of tests aren’t designed to measure what the teacher is doing to make a difference for the student in that particular year, Ing said.

Another way to get to that is through consistent observation by trained observers using specific learning factors that are deemed to be important.
Typically, a principal visits a teacher’s classroom several times a year, making notes and completing some sort of learning walk or classroom observation protocol.

Classroom observations are most effective when there is agreement throughout the district in terms of what learning should look like. “If there is consensus that is an important factor, then creating tools to measure student engagement signals what is important,” Ing said.

Even student engagement needs to be clearly defined, so that observers are noticing and recording the same things in each classroom.

Then, the information collected in the classrooms needs to be systematically shared with individual teachers, who can use the feedback to make changes in their teaching. Principals may use the information to schedule professional development activities or to modify class schedules to give teachers more time to collaborate.

Information gathered from classroom observations should be combined with other outcomes such as student test scores, student work, and student interaction to determine areas for improvement.

“These outcomes are hopefully what you see being changed as a result of teachers changing what they do in their classes,” Ing said.

Explore further: New 'Surveyman' software promises to revolutionize survey design and accuracy

Provided by University of California, Riverside

4 /5 (1 vote)
add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Relationships Improve Student Success

Jun 29, 2009

(PhysOrg.com) -- When students are underachieving, school policymakers often examine class size, curriculum and funding, but University of Missouri researchers suggest establishing relationships may be a powerful ...

Modern society made up of all types

Nov 04, 2010

Modern society has an intense interest in classifying people into ‘types’, according to a University of Melbourne Cultural Historian, leading to potentially catastrophic life-changing outcomes for those typed – ...

Recommended for you

World population likely to peak by 2070

Oct 23, 2014

World population will likely peak at around 9.4 billion around 2070 and then decline to around 9 billion by 2100, according to new population projections from IIASA researchers, published in a new book, World Population and ...

Bullying in schools is still prevalent, national report says

Oct 23, 2014

Despite a dramatic increase in public awareness and anti-bullying legislation nationwide, the prevalence of bullying is still one of the most pressing issues facing our nation's youth, according to a report by researchers ...

Study examines effects of credentialing, personalization

Oct 23, 2014

Chris Gamrat, a doctoral student in learning, design and technology, recently had his study—completed alongside Heather Zimmerman, associate professor of education; Jaclyn Dudek, a doctoral student studying learning, design ...

User comments : 1

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

GinoRP
not rated yet Jan 07, 2011
Thank you for this most informative article. My role as an educational technologist leaves me searching for that ideal tool that can graphically display reports and graphs from collected walk-through/observational data to aide administrators in coaching/mentoring our teachers, resulting in increased student learning.

I have found the following tools:
iObservation
C3Kern
Media-X eWalk
eCove
Assessa
Mcrel Power Walkthrough
Pes-sports
HanDBase

Does anyone know of any other technologies or have had any experience with the ones listed above?

Your feedback will be greatly appreciated.