Nanotechnology for Recovery and Reuse of Spilled Oil

September 9, 2005 feature
Nanotechnology for Recovery and Reuse of Spilled Oil

The recent hurricane Katrina disaster has resulted in an oil crisis. Apart from the shortage there are reports of oil spills. Interface Science Corporation has announced that the company is launching its proprietary oil remediation and recovery application. They hare utilizing nanotechnology for this purpose.

The use of treated material absorbs about 40 times it weight in oil, far exceeding existing commercially available remediation materials. Because water is completely rejected by the ISC material, the oil can be recovered for use, a substantial benefit in oil spill cleanup efforts. The new oil cleanup solution uses patented Self-Assembled Monolayer (SAMs) technology. The technology recently was announced and is of extreme importance. This highly effective material shall help mitigate the environmental and health impacts caused by the approximate 3,000 worldwide annual oil spills.

The announcement of this innovation comes about six months ahead of the company's original planned. The technology emphasizes materials and surface innovation at the nanoscale. The use of self-assembly occurs abundantly in nature even within our own bodies. Different molecules within the body result in the formation of a wide variety of microstructures. Interface Sciences Corporation has, through the use of its patented technology and patented application methods, synthetically recreated Mother Nature's ability to create self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) up to several layers thick depending on the application.

The marriage of nanoparticulates and SAMs provides direct access to a new class of nanostructured hybrid materials that are very useful as environmental sorbent materials, structural components, coatings, wetting control, friction and lubrication control, adhesion, bio-related applications (e.g. pharmaceutical controlled release, and biomedical implant materials), sensing/detection, environmental remediation and electronics materials.

Inherent in the usefulness of the SAMs system is the ability to form chemical foundations from which other building blocks can be used to form more complex structures. It has been shown that by designing the interfacial chemistry that is capable of being engaged with specific polymer systems, a designed interface can enhance the adhesion properties of a polymer to a solid substrate. The same foundation can be laid with a specific chemical foundation for chemical anchoring or polymer cross-linking initialization. The chemical foundation can be controlled with mixtures of SAM molecule lengths and functionalities for further diversity in application.
This technology is a path-breaking one and is poised to be a watershed in the oil spills recovery and remediation process. Apart from being eco-protective, it is also useful as most of the spilled oil is recovered.

Dr. Bikram Lamba, an international management consultant, is Chairman & Managing Director of Tormacon Limited- a multi-disciplinary consultancy organization. He can be contacted at 905 848 4205. email: torconsult@rogers.com, www.torconsult.com>

Copyright 2005 PhysOrg.com

Explore further: ZnO-coated high-performance bearings developed

Related Stories

ZnO-coated high-performance bearings developed

August 26, 2016

A research group consisting of National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) and Tohoku University developed a coating technique using a zinc oxide (ZnO) material, an environment-friendly, low-friction material developed ...

Auto, aerospace industries warm to 3D printing

August 25, 2016

New 3D printing technology unveiled this week sharply increases the size of objects that can be produced, offering new possibilities to remake manufacturing in the auto, aerospace and other major industries.

Scientists explore oil clean-up properties of aquatic ferns

August 16, 2016

Certain varieties of aquatic floating weeds demonstrate an impressive ability to selectively absorb oil from contaminated water. These plants, which are often regarded as a nuisance, could in fact provide an extremely convenient ...

Recommended for you

Reconstructing the sixth century plague from a victim

August 30, 2016

Before the infamous Black Death, the first great plague epidemic was the Justinian plague, which, over the course of two centuries, wiped out up to an estimated 50 million (15 percent) of the world's population throughout ...

Theorists solve a long-standing fundamental problem

August 30, 2016

Trying to understand a system of atoms is like herding gnats - the individual atoms are never at rest and are constantly moving and interacting. When it comes to trying to model the properties and behavior of these kinds ...

The rise and fall of galaxy formation

August 30, 2016

An international team of astronomers, including Carnegie's Eric Persson, has charted the rise and fall of galaxies over 90 percent of cosmic history. Their work, which includes some of the most sensitive astronomical measurements ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.