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Earth Sciences 1 hour ago

Dust storms and valley fever in the American West

Valley fever is a dangerous threat to human health—and cases are on the rise in the arid southwestern United States, as wind from increasing dust storms can transport the fungal spores that cause the disease. Valley fever ...

Astronomy 21 hours ago

Physicists describe new type of aurora

For millennia, humans in the high latitudes have been enthralled by auroras—the northern and southern lights. Yet even after all that time, it appears the ethereal, dancing ribbons of light above Earth still hold some secrets.

Cell & Microbiology 23 hours ago

Bacterial DNA can be read either forwards or backwards: study

Bacteria contain symmetry in their DNA signals that enable them to be read either forwards or backwards, according to new findings at the University of Birmingham which challenge existing knowledge about gene transcription.

Evolution May 06, 2021

Comprehensive genetic analyses confirm four different giraffe species and seven subspecies

Visually, they are hardly distinguishable, but genetic analyses show: There are four distinct species of giraffe and seven subspecies. This result was obtained by an international team led by Prof. Dr. Axel Janke from the ...

Cell & Microbiology May 06, 2021

Uncovering epigenetic mechanisms underlying cancer development

Northwestern Medicine studies published in Nature Cell Biology and Molecular Cell are improving the understanding of epigenetic mechanisms in cancer development and progression, as well as pinpointing genes that drive the ...

Archaeology May 05, 2021

New, almost non-destructive archaeogenetic sampling method developed

An Austrian-American research team (University of Vienna, Department Evolutionary Anthropology and Harvard Medical School, Department of Genetics), in collaboration of Hungarian experts from Eötvös Loránd University, has ...

Evolution May 05, 2021

New bonobo genome fine tunes great ape evolution studies

Chimpanzees and bonobos diverged comparatively recently in great ape evolutionary history. They split into different species about 1.7 million years ago. Some of the distinctions between chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) and bonobo ...

Archaeology May 05, 2021

Ancient DNA reveals origin of first Bronze Age civilizations in Europe

The first civilizations to build monumental palaces and urban centers in Europe are more genetically homogenous than expected, according to the first study to sequence whole genomes gathered from ancient archaeological sites ...

Cell & Microbiology May 05, 2021

Antibody development against medically important target proteins

Perfectly controlled protein scissors at the molecular level reveal the binding sites of antibodies, and enable the bottom-up design of new monoclonal antibodies aimed at medically important target proteins.

Biotechnology May 04, 2021

Researchers sequence myrtle rust genome

The invasive fungus myrtle rust has been attacking native plants, driving some to the brink of extinction. Dr Peri Tobias and her team hope that sequencing the entire genome can help the plants fight back.

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