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Life in water and mud: Colombians fed up with constant flooding

Rosiris Berrio moves around her flooded home, where beds and furniture has been placed on a system of raised planks
Rosiris Berrio moves around her flooded home, where beds and furniture has been placed on a system of raised planks.

The Berrio family moves around their home on raised planks, upon which their beds and furniture have been raised, to avoid the knee-high, murky waters that have invaded their modest brick house.

For the fourth year in a row, Colombia's northern La Mojana region has been flooded, drowning crops and animals in a worsening crisis exacerbated by deforestation and mining.

On top of that, a sandbag dike meant to protect the 500,000 residents of the vast plains, surrounding wetlands and swamps, collapsed on May 6, sparking a major corruption scandal around faulty repair efforts after a previous breach.

This sent waters from the polluted Cauca River flooding into cattle grazing land and rice fields, impacting some 32,000 people, according to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

"Everything drowned," laments Rosiris Berrio, who lives with her partner and two small children in the village of La Sierpe.

The few remaining animals balance on planks or stand with their feet in the water. "They are dying. This water is very infectious," said Berrio.

At home, they negotiate the plank system. "We stumble, we scratch ourselves. Yet we have to continue our ," she said, adding she had received no help from the state.

Elsewhere in the village, residents travel by canoe from one house to the other. Luckier households, where the water has receded, have to contend with the mud.

An aerial view of the flooding in the northern La Mojana region of Colombia
An aerial view of the flooding in the northern La Mojana region of Colombia.

'A very bad situation'

Concerned inhabitants say the flooding has become more frequent, and more severe.

"We have been flooded for four consecutive years. Economically, we are in a very bad situation. We used to cultivate this land, we lived happily," said Jose Ruendes, a 59-year-old farmer standing with water up to his waist.

He has used sticks to build a makeshift ledge to keep his bicycle, bed, and electrical appliances above water.

Official figures show the region flooded over 300 times between 1998 and 2020.

Environment Minister Susana Muhamad, has warned that deforestation is filling rivers with sediment, making them more likely to overflow.

Carlos Carrillo, director of the state National Risk and Disaster Management Unit (UNGRD) said mining is another culprit.

Illegal mining operations use dredging to search for gold in rivers, which "generates very complex changes in the dynamics of the river," which is increasingly shallow, Carrillo told AFP.

Aerial view of La Mojana after the Cauca river overflowed its banks following the collapse of a dike meant to protect residents
Aerial view of La Mojana after the Cauca river overflowed its banks following the collapse of a dike meant to protect residents.

These illegal mines have also contaminated the river waters with mercury, authorities say.

President Gustavo Petro maintains that rebuilding the dam is not a long-term solution. He wants residents relocated to lots purchased by the government on higher ground.

"But where does one go? It is not easy to start over, to look for work," said Berrio.

In a nearby camp of plastic tents, Ana Dolores Valerio is ready to move "elsewhere." She says it is the fifth time in the past two decades that floodwaters have forced her to camp on the side of the road.

With 13 children and grandchildren to take care of, she longs for "dry land to be able to work."

'Inhumane'

Local leaders are calling for immediate action to address what the United Nations calls a "grave humanitarian crisis."

"Some families only eat one meal a day, it's inhumane," denounces Nestor Ortiz, president of the village of La Sierpita, one of the worst affected.

  • Horses are seen in a flooded area after the Cauca River overflowed
    Horses are seen in a flooded area after the Cauca River overflowed.
  • Residents travel by canoe from one house to the other. Luckier households, where the water has receded, have to contend with the mud
    Residents travel by canoe from one house to the other. Luckier households, where the water has receded, have to contend with the mud.

The village's only school is closed and its aqueducts collapsed, sending sewage spilling into homes.

Meanwhile, the state disaster agency is under investigation for corruption linked to the construction of the dike, which had just been repaired in February after a previous collapse.

Carillo, who took on the role of director this year after the complaints forced the departure of his predecessor, admits that reconstruction works, valued at $34 million, are not moving as fast as they should.

"The contractor does not seem to be giving his all to close the gap" of about 70 meters, he said.

Meanwhile, distant thunder warns the residents of La Mojana that the rainy season is just beginning.

"We already know what's coming," says Cristo Sanchez, an elderly man whose home stands out on a piece of dry land surrounded by water.

© 2024 AFP

Citation: Life in water and mud: Colombians fed up with constant flooding (2024, May 25) retrieved 20 June 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-05-life-mud-colombians-fed-constant.html
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