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From data to decisions: AI and IoT for earthquake prediction

From data to decisions: AI and IoT for earthquake prediction
Proposed integrated system architecture with multiple data sources used for AI and ML Earthquake model Prediction. Credit: Pwavodi Joshua, et al

The study of earthquakes remains a main interest worldwide as it is one of the least predictable natural disasters. In a new review published in Artificial Intelligence in Geosciences, a team of researchers from France and Turkey explored the role of conventional tools like seismometers and GPS in understanding earthquakes and their aftermath.

"These tools have provided invaluable insights into various seismic parameters, such as ground deformation and displacement waves. However, they face several limitations, including the inability to predict earthquakes in real-time, challenges with temporal data resolution, and uneven spatial coverage," explains Joshua Pwavodi, lead author of the review. "Despite their historical significance, these tools struggle to distinguish seismic signals from environmental noise."

Nevertheless, the authors note that recent advancements in AI and IoT have significantly addressed some of these limitations. AI methodologies have proven instrumental in identifying intricate patterns and within historical seismic data. By leveraging AI, unique insights into seismic patterns across diverse geological locations have been gained.

"Both classical and advanced machine learning techniques have contributed to the development of robust early warning systems and decentralized prediction models. IoT devices have also played a crucial role by enabling seamless for real-time monitoring," adds Pwavodi.

The versatility of IoT devices enhances data accessibility and storage, creating a dynamic network for earthquake prediction. However, challenges such as computational complexity, , and interpretability persist. A major limitation is the integration of primary hydrogeological measurements into AI model training.

Monitoring hydrogeological data, including pore-fluid pressures and fluid flow, is often costly. Tools like the Circulation Obviation Retrofit Kits (CORKs) provide in-situ measurements of these parameters, but data transmission is not always in real-time, unlike IoT systems.

"To address these challenges, we proposed a comprehensive approach that integrates diverse datasets, including seismic, GPS, meteorological, and IoT sensor data," says Pwavodi. "By combining these datasets, researchers can develop more robust earthquake prediction models that account for various contributing factors."

Specifically, the authors suggest integrating IoT devices with tools like Circulation Obviation Retrofit Kits (CORKs) to enable real-time transmission of hydrogeological measurements influencing earthquakes. This real-time data, combined with other datasets, can be used to construct predictive AI models capable of providing earthquake predictions.

More information: Joshua Pwavodi et al, The role of artificial intelligence and IoT in prediction of earthquakes: Review, Artificial Intelligence in Geosciences (2024). DOI: 10.1016/j.aiig.2024.100075

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Citation: From data to decisions: AI and IoT for earthquake prediction (2024, April 2) retrieved 24 April 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-04-decisions-ai-iot-earthquake.html
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