This article has been reviewed according to Science X's editorial process and policies. Editors have highlighted the following attributes while ensuring the content's credibility:

fact-checked

reputable news agency

proofread

Critically endangered Sumatran rhino born in Indonesia

A Sumatran rhino was born in western Indonesia over the weekend, a rare sanctuary birth for the critically endangered animal
A Sumatran rhino was born in western Indonesia over the weekend, a rare sanctuary birth for the critically endangered animal.

A Sumatran rhino has been born in western Indonesia, officials said Monday, a rare sanctuary birth for the critically endangered animal with only several dozen believed to be left in the world.

The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) estimate the population of Sumatran rhinos to number less than 80 on the Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Borneo.

A female rhino named Delilah gave birth to a yet-to-be-named male calf weighing 25 kilograms (55 pounds) at Way Kambas National Park in Sumatra over the weekend, fathered by a rhino called Harapan.

It was the fifth calf born under a semi-wild breeding program at the park, Indonesian Environment and Forestry Minister Siti Nurbaya Bakar said in a statement.

The new addition to the Sumatran rhino herd at Way Kambas, which numbers 10, comes after another baby Sumatran rhino was born there in September.

"This birth is the second birth of the Sumatran Rhino in 2023. This further strengthens the government's commitment to Rhino conservation in Indonesia," she said.

A conservation guard found Delilah lying next to her newborn calf on Saturday, the ministry statement said.

Successful births are rare. A male rhino named Andatu, born in 2012 at Way Kambas, was the first Sumatran rhino birthed in an Indonesian sanctuary in more than 120 years.

  • Delilah, a 7-year-old female rhino, is seen two days after giving birth to a Sumatran rhino calf at the Sumatran rhino sanctuary
    Delilah, a 7-year-old female rhino, is seen two days after giving birth to a Sumatran rhino calf at the Sumatran rhino sanctuary.
  • The International Union for Conservation of Nature classifies the Sumatran rhino, the smallest of all rhino species, as critically endangered
    The International Union for Conservation of Nature classifies the Sumatran rhino, the smallest of all rhino species, as critically endangered.

IUCN classifies the Sumatran rhino, the smallest of all rhino species, as critically endangered.

Multiple threats have brought them to the brink of extinction, including poaching and climate change.

Rhino horn is often illegally traded for traditional Chinese medicine.

Indonesia is also racing to save another , the Javan rhino, with fewer than 80 alive today.

© 2023 AFP

Citation: Critically endangered Sumatran rhino born in Indonesia (2023, November 27) retrieved 23 February 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2023-11-critically-endangered-sumatran-rhino-born.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Explore further

Rare birth of Sumatran rhino brings hope for endangered species

584 shares

Feedback to editors