Iota, weakened but deadly, rips through Central America

Locals look at the rising level of the Chiquito river, in La Hoya neighbourhood, in Tegucigalpa, following the passage of Hurric
Locals look at the rising level of the Chiquito river, in La Hoya neighbourhood, in Tegucigalpa, following the passage of Hurricane Iota on November 17, 2020

Storm Iota killed at least ten people as it smashed homes, uprooted trees and swamped roads during its destructive advance across Central America, authorities said, just two weeks after Hurricane Eta devastated parts of the region.

Iota, which made landfall in Nicaragua as a "catastrophic" Category 5 hurricane Monday, left six dead in the country, including two children who were trying to cross a river in the south.

Another two people died in the Colombian Caribbean archipelago of San Andres, Providencia and Santa Catalina, as well as one woman in the indigenous community of Ngabe Bugle in Panama, where about 2,000 people hunkered down in shelters even as rains began to ease.

After blowing through Honduras, where it weakened from a hurricane to a tropical storm with sustained winds of 50 miles (80 kilometers) per hour, it entered El Salvador on Tuesday morning.

A motorcyclist died after a tree was blown over by the wind, the Salvadorian government said. More than 800 people were evacuated from risk areas and placed in 230 shelters.

Roberto Gonzalez, a meteorologist from El Salvador's environment ministry, told AFP that Iota had entered the eastern departments of Morazan and La Union, about 135 miles (220 kilometers) east of the capital San Salvador.

Gonzalez said Iota had sustained winds of up to 40 mph (65 kph) as it moved towards the west of the country, where at 0600 local time (1200 GMT) it will enter the Pacific Ocean and be degraded to a "low pressure system."

A man walks along a damaged street in La Lima, Honduras as Hurricane Iota approaches
A man walks along a damaged street in La Lima, Honduras as Hurricane Iota approaches

Category 5

Iota became the only Atlantic hurricane this year to reach Category 5 status—the maximum level on the Saffir-Simpson wind scale—soon before it made landfall in Nicaragua on Monday evening.

"The wind is too strong," Jessi Urbina, a resident of the badly damaged El Muelle neighborhood in Bilwi, Nicaragua, told AFP.

"It took everything: the wooden roof and the windows of my house, which is made of concrete."

The area was without power and telecommunications services, according to provider Telcor. Trees were downed and roofs ripped off houses, including one hotel, said the disaster agency Sinapred.

Authorities had rushed to evacuate thousands of people from coastal areas of Nicaragua and Honduras in the immediate path of the storm.

Colonel John Fredy Sepulveda, the police chief on Providencia, said the local hospital had lost part of its roof and the territory of around 6,000 people was without power.

Rescuers in the Honduran community of Tocoa helped evacuate hundreds of people who were left trapped by the rising waters of the Aguan River, which had overflowed its banks and flooded several homes.

Map showing the location and projected path of Hurricane Iota
Map showing the location and projected path of Hurricane Iota

Record storm season

US forecasters at the National Hurricane Center warned Iota would bring "life-threatening storm surge, catastrophic winds, flash flooding, and landslides" in Central America.

Hurricane Eta made landfall in the same area as a Category 4 hurricane in early November before easing to a tropical storm, bringing widespread flooding and landslides that left 200 people dead.

Prinsila Glaso, 80, told AFP on Monday that her community south of Bilwi had been "destroyed" in the wake of Eta, and worried Hurricane Iota would leave little behind.

The Atlantic has seen a record storm season this year with 30 named storms and 13 hurricanes.

Warmer seas caused by climate change are making hurricanes stronger for longer after landfall, scientists say.

Shelters in Nicaragua—already stretched by those made homeless by Eta—were overwhelmed by new arrivals, Eufemia Hernandez, coordinator of a center at Uraccan University, told AFP.

  • This RAMMB/NOAA satellite image shows Hurricane Iota  over Central America on November 17, 2020, at 13:30 UTC over Central Ameri
    This RAMMB/NOAA satellite image shows Hurricane Iota over Central America on November 17, 2020, at 13:30 UTC over Central America
  • A man in Bilwi, Puerto Cabezas, Nicaragua, on November 16, 2020 as Hurricane Iota strikes
    A man in Bilwi, Puerto Cabezas, Nicaragua, on November 16, 2020 as Hurricane Iota strikes

El Salvador and Panama declared a "red alert" ahead of the hurricane's projected path through Central America. Neighboring Guatemala, with vast areas still recovering from Eta, was also on high alert.

Local media reported that more than 175,000 people had been evacuated since Saturday, mostly in areas previously flooded by Eta.


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Hurricane Iota tears through Central America after Nicaragua landfall

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