Big Brother-style surveillance gives new insight into Amazon's hidden wildlife

Sunset on the Mamiraua River at the Mamiraua Reserve, Brazil's largest protected area, in Amazonas State: scientists are now eav
Sunset on the Mamiraua River at the Mamiraua Reserve, Brazil's largest protected area, in Amazonas State: scientists are now eavesdropping on the forest's wildlife using highly sensitive listening devices

Scientists are deploying ultra-sensitive sensors in the Amazon to collect images and sounds of the rainforest's rich biodiversity in real time, in an effort to track preservation efforts.

The Big Brother-style Providence Project was launched two years ago by French scientist Michel Andre of the Polytechnic University of Catalonia and Mamiraua Sustainable Development Institute in northern Brazil.

"I want to help the rest of the world understand the urgency of protecting the Amazon rainforest and supporting conservation initiatives," says Andre, who is director of the university's bioacoustic applications laboratory.

Smart ears

"Satellites and drones have been used for years to quantify the number of trees cut down every year," Andre tells AFP.

"But there is very little data about the diversity of species living in and underneath the canopy. This gave us the idea of using state-of-the-art technological tools to monitor biodiversity on a large scale.

"Thanks to Providence nodes, we are collecting countless images and sounds in the Mamiraua flooded ," he adds.

"Those smart ears are sending the data in real time to my laboratory where we are analyzing them with the help of the local indigenous communities of Mamiraua and the biologists of the institute.

French bioacoustician and Michel Andre, who leads a team creating a network of high-tech sound sensors to monitor in real time t
French bioacoustician and Michel Andre, who leads a team creating a network of high-tech sound sensors to monitor in real time the preservation of biodiversity in the Amazon.

"Since the start of the project, 10 nodes have been deployed in the reserve and over 40 species (birds, monkeys, insects, bats, dolphins, fish) have been identified and monitored."

Funding needed

"We divided this ambitious project into three phases," explains Andre.

"Phase one occurred in Mamiraua with 10 nodes distributed in different areas to check that our system was able to work in very harsh conditions.

"Now, we are in an between phase one and phase two that started last December. We will deploy 10 of these nodes in the in Bolivia called Madidi and another set of 10 nodes in Xingu in Brazil," he adds.

"By 2021, we'll have 30 operational nodes in three different areas of the forest.

A fisherman on the Jaraua River at the Mamiraua Reserve, in Amazonas state, northern Brazil
A fisherman on the Jaraua River at the Mamiraua Reserve, in Amazonas state, northern Brazil

"During this pre-phase two, we will also build eco-acoustics indices that will help us to monitor the health of the Amazonian primary forest ecosystems.

"Phase three is planned for 2025 with the ultimate goal of Providence: monitoring the whole Amazon rainforest with one thousand nodes deployed in a 100 (38 square miles) grid to be able to study the impact of climate change and of human activities on this unique habitat," Andre says.

"Phase one and pre-phase two were funded by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation at a cost of $3.5 million. Phase two is estimated to be $8 million and phase three around $30 million.

"We still don't have funds for phases two and three."

Grassroots

"One fundamental aspect of Providence is to work side by side with the indigenous communities as they are the true guardians of the Amazon," says Andre.

A zogue zogue monkey (Callicebus torquatus) eats fruits in a tree at the Amana Sustainable Development Reserve, in Amazonas Stat
A zogue zogue monkey (Callicebus torquatus) eats fruits in a tree at the Amana Sustainable Development Reserve, in Amazonas State, northern Brazil

"They have a very precious vernacular knowledge of the biodiversity that we need to learn and understand.

"They have been involved from the very start in Providence so we can share a common approach for conservation and reach our objectives together."


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© 2019 AFP

Citation: Big Brother-style surveillance gives new insight into Amazon's hidden wildlife (2019, May 14) retrieved 21 May 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-big-brother-style-surveillance-insight-amazon.html
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May 14, 2019
has anyone else noticed clouds sometimes copy
("?" holograms)
of the activity of people under
them

I hoped to do a research project where the google type mapping
of these

but when you look at them with your own eyes
they disolve

cloud busting

wilhelm reich has done loads of this researchI call him third tier

sigmund freud / carl jung / Wilhelm reich

he produced technology of healing

and an amazing microscope in partnership with zeiss optics


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