'Green gold': Pakistan plants hundreds of millions of trees

The Swat valley of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in northwest Pakistan, where previously arid hills are now covered with forest as far as t
The Swat valley of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in northwest Pakistan, where previously arid hills are now covered with forest as far as the horizon

The change is drastic: around the region of Heroshah, previously arid hills are now covered with forest as far as the horizon. In northwestern Pakistan, hundreds of millions of trees have been planted to fight deforestation.

In 2015 and 2016 some 16,000 labourers planted more than 900,000 fast-growing eucalyptus at regular, geometric intervals in Heroshah—and the titanic task is just a fraction of the effort across the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

"Before it was completely burnt land. Now they have green gold in their hands," commented forest manager Pervaiz Manan as he displayed pictures of the site previously, when only sparse blades of tall grass interrupted the monotonous landscape.

The new trees will reinvigorate the area's scenic beauty, act as a control against erosion, help mitigate climate change, decrease the chances of floods and increase the chances of precipitation, says Manan, who oversaw the revegetation of Heroshah.

Residents also see them as an economic boost—which, officials hope, will deter them from cutting the new growth down to use as firewood in a region where electricity can be sparse.

"Now our hills are useful, our fields became useful," says driver Ajbir Shah. "It is a huge benefit for us."

Further north, in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa's Swat, many of the high valleys were denuded by the Pakistani Taliban during their reign from 2006 to 2009.

Pervaiz Manan, head of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa forest department, shares pictures of the site previously, when only sparse blades
Pervaiz Manan, head of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa forest department, shares pictures of the site previously, when only sparse blades of tall grass interrupted the landscape

Now they are covered in pine saplings. "You can't walk without stepping on a seedling," smiles Yusufa Khan, another forest department worker.

The Heroshah and Swat plantations are part of the "Billion Tree Tsunami", a provincial government programme that has seen a total of 300 million trees of 42 different species planted across Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

A further 150 million plants were given to landowners, while strict forest regeneration measures have allowed the regrowth of 730 million trees—roughly 1.2 billion new trees in total, the programme's management says.

'Transparency'

Kamran Hussain, a manager of the Pakistani branch of the World Wildlife Fund, who conducted an independent audit of the project, says their figures showed slightly less—but still above target at 1.06 billion trees.

"We are 100 percent confident that the figure about the billion trees is correct," he told AFP, highlighting the transparency of the process. "Everything is online. Everyone has access to this information."

Children play cricket in a tree plantation in Heroshah district in northwest Pakistan
Children play cricket in a tree plantation in Heroshah district in northwest Pakistan

The programme has been praised by the head of the Swiss-based International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), a green NGO, which called it a "true conservation success story".

Initially mocked for what critics said were unrealistic objectives, it is a welcome change to the situation elsewhere in the country.

Pakistani authorities say just 5.2 percent of the country is covered by forest, against the 12 percent recommended by the United Nations.

Just one big tree remains in the poverty-stricken village of Garhi Bit in the southern province of Sindh, shading its small mosque.

It has stood there for a century, locals say.

"Before, there were big trees, many kinds of them," says Dad Mohammad, a 43-year-old farmer.

Staff from the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa forest department overlook the forest in Swat valley, northwestern Pakistan
Staff from the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa forest department overlook the forest in Swat valley, northwestern Pakistan

"But they started to dry because of the lack of water, so we cut them," he says, pointing to hundreds of metres of cultivated land where previously there stood a forest.

'Disaster'

More than 60 percent of the forests lining Sindh's riverbanks have disappeared in the last 60 years, mainly due to river depletion and massive logging during the 1980s, says Riaz Ahmed Wagan, of the provincial forest department.

"It is a disaster," he says, adding that forestry remains the lowest priority on the agenda of the provincial governments.

The Billion Tree Tsunami, which cost the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government $169 million, started in November 2014. Officials say they are still implementing maintenance safeguards such as fire protection, with the project due to be completed in June 2020.

In early 2017, the federal government announced its own Green Pakistan Project, which aims to plant 100 million trees in five years across the country.

Hairpin bends snake through a tree plantation in Buner in northwest Pakistan
Hairpin bends snake through a tree plantation in Buner in northwest Pakistan

It ranges from "legislative reforms" to "wildlife protection", according to its leader Ibrahim Khan, who works under the authority of the ministry for . More than a quarter of the work was done by the end of April this year, he says.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is ruled by Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf, the political party headed by former cricketer Imran Khan, which is the main challenger to the ruling Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) as the country heads into a general election next month.

Khan has vowed to make the environment an election issue, and to plant a total of 10 billion trees across the country. "Every child in Pakistan should be aware of the environmental issue which, until now, has been a non-issue," he told AFP.

But it is yet to be seen whether his ambitions will translate into votes.

Pakistani environmental lawyer and activist Ahmad Rafay Allam says that in a country where the electorate is often swayed by infrastructure projects rather than the environment, he has doubts.

"It would be a first," he told AFP.


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Jun 26, 2018
This is very good news indeed! I'd heard of some reforestation work beginning a couple of years ago in "the general area" and would hope that other government agencies in bordering countries/regions are also considering/implementing similar projects.

The investments, although heavy at the beginning, will eventually be repaid many times over, as long as the forests are maintained and cutting for firewood does not get out of hand.

It's also sad to note that the fundamentalist Taliban, reported here as responsible for denudation of the forests in these areas while administering the region, were so out of touch with the realities of the situation. A thousand years ago, the Arabs were the leading scientists of the world - I would hazard a guess that less interpretation of holy scriptures, and more sharing and understanding of scientific knowledge is the way forward here.

Jun 26, 2018
A thousand years ago, the Arabs were the leading scientists of the world - I would hazard a guess that less interpretation of holy scriptures, and more sharing and understanding of scientific knowledge is the way forward here.


Arabs are a tiny minority in Afghanistan, so small they usually get lumped in the group "Other" in surveys.

https://en.wikipe...fghanist

The main ethnic groups are Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara and Uzbek who account for about 90% of the population.
Arabic peoples come from west of the Persian Gulf on the Arabian peninsula and across north Africa.

https://en.wikipe...orld.png

Jun 27, 2018
@434a - my bad, signs of the imperialist breaking through there. Must do better!

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