Ancient Egyptian codex finally deciphered

November 24, 2014 by Bob Yirka, Phys.org report

All Giza Pyramids in one shot. Credit: Ricardo Liberato/Wikipedia
(Phys.org) —A pair of Australian researchers, Malcolm Choat with Macquarie University and Iain Gardner with the University of Sydney, has after many decades of effort by others, succeeded in deciphering an ancient Egyptian codex. In meeting with members of the press, they revealed that the codex is actually a handbook of a practitioner of rituals and for that reason have published the converted text as "Egyptian Handbook of Ritual Power."

No one knows where the codex was found, but most scholars who have studied it believe it was written by someone in pre-Islamic Upper Egypt approximately 1,300 years ago. An antiques dealer came across it in the late 70's or early 80's who subsequently sold it to Macquarie University in 1981. Since that time, various researchers have attempted to read the but none were successful until now. The 20 parchment pages of text were written in Coptic, the researchers note, and offer 27 spells and multiple invocations and drawings. It appears likely, the team reports, that the two types of subjects meant that they were once separate documents that were later combined in the codex.

The researchers found love spells, a means for casting out evil spirits and even ideas on how to treat ailments, such as one known as black jaundice. They also found multiple references to Jesus and Sethians—religious groups that identified with Adam and Eve's third son, and others that identified with a previously unknown character referred to as Baktiotha—a god-like figure. Because of the mix of subjects in the invocations, the two researchers suggest the document was likely a representative of a transition period for the people of that time. They also suggest that the person who wrote or used the text was likely not a priest or monk (there was a large number of Christians living in the area during that time) but more likely was a scholarly type, using the codex as a means of helping people achieve desires or goals. Some examples, included spells to help a person do better in business, or to help them get along with others. One spell could be used to assist one person in subjugating another.

Explore further: UCSB scholar's reading of hieroglyphic verb alters understanding of Mayan ritual texts

More information: A Coptic Handbook of Ritual Power, www.brepols.net/Pages/ShowProd … d=IS-9782503531700-1

via LiveScience

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shavera
5 / 5 (12) Nov 24, 2014
Isn't it a little disingenuous to post the article with a picture of the pyramids, when the text is only 1300 years old or so, in Coptic, and while ancient, not THE Ancient Egypt associated with the pyramids and other pharaonic symbols
smantz
5 / 5 (6) Nov 24, 2014
I agree. this is not ancient. the headline should say "medieval" text.
cinnamonape
5 / 5 (3) Nov 24, 2014
This appears to be a Gnostic document. They were the groups most likely to claim ascent from both the traditions of Jeshua and to avoid the conflict between Abel and Cain. The Sethians were most prominent in the 2nd & 4th Centuries (so not Medieval) and are primarily only known from anti-Gnostic diatribes by orthodox priests like Irenaeus [Adversus Haeresies and Pseudo-Tertullian]. They were found in Egypt and Palestine, and thus were most likely to be a Platonic-influenced Judaeo-Christian sect. They ascribed to knowledge of a pre-Adamic period when Sophia (the immaterial spirit of wisdom) brought forth Yaltavaeoth (JThVtH -perhaps a version of JHVH) who claimed divinity for himself. Angels of Sophia trick Yaltavaeoth into emptying his spirit into Adam, animating him. Fearing his new freedom Yaeltavaeoth and the other Archons attempt to imprison Adam in a "false Paradise" (Eden). It is filled with trees of Sin, Lust, Ignorance, Death...Jesus then leads Adam to the Tree of Life.
OZGuy
5 / 5 (4) Nov 24, 2014
Bit more info and some pictures:
http://www.news.c...32727219
nicolatesla
1 / 5 (3) Nov 24, 2014
That's easy. The text says: " Made in China."
KMartinGardner
1 / 5 (3) Nov 24, 2014
Obviously not the codex of good spelling and grammar.
phorbin
1 / 5 (3) Nov 24, 2014
'multiple invocations and drawings'

'multiple references to Jesus and Sethians'

I guess all the invocations and drawings were precisely alike as were the references.
Eddy Courant
1 / 5 (6) Nov 25, 2014
Fearing his new freedom Yaeltavaeoth and the other Archons attempt to imprison Adam in a "false Paradise" (Eden). It is filled with trees of Sin, Lust, Ignorance, Death...Jesus then leads Adam to the Tree of Life: Cannabis. ;-}-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

britton_beckham
1 / 5 (3) Nov 29, 2014
Isn't it a little disingenuous to post the article with a picture of the pyramids, when the text is only 1300 years old or so, in Coptic, and while ancient, not THE Ancient Egypt associated with the pyramids and other pharaonic symbols


Main-stream science for ya.
Vietvet
4.2 / 5 (5) Nov 29, 2014
Isn't it a little disingenuous to post the article with a picture of the pyramids, when the text is only 1300 years old or so, in Coptic, and while ancient, not THE Ancient Egypt associated with the pyramids and other pharaonic symbols


Main-stream science for ya.


It's not surprising you don't know the difference between a web site and science.

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